Distribution and Conservation Status of the Caucasian Newt, Lissotriton lantzi (Wolterstorff, 1914)

Dmitriy Skorinov, Igor Doronin, Artyem Kidov, Boris Tuniev, Spartak Litvinchuk

Abstract


In Russia, Lissotriton lantzi was recorded in 178 localities in nine provinces and authonomous republics. This species also inhabits the Southern Caucasus in the territory of Georgia, Abkhazia, and South Ossetia (57 localities). The Caucasian newt is possibly extinct in Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Turkey. We developed a species distribution model based on climate and land cover data for identification of suitable habitats. Two variables (precipitation of warmest quarter and altitude) accounted for 84% of the predicted range. The newt is listed in the Red Data Book of Russian Federation and the majority of Red Data books of the North Caucasus provinces and autonomous republics. Main factors influencing the decline of L. lantzi populations are destruction and reconstruction of suitable water bodies, catching for pet trade, deforestation and introduction of fishes.

Keywords


Amphibia; Salamandridae; Lissotriton lantzi; Caucasian newt; distribution model; conservation status

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30906/1026-2296-2014-21-4-251-268

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