Popeia inornata, a New Species of Pitviper from West Malaysia (Squamata: Viperidae: Crotalinae)

Kate L. Sanders, Anita Malhotra, Andreas Gumprecht, Roger S. Thorpe, Ulrich Kuch

Abstract


We describe a new species of green pitviper from Southeast Asia. This species is a member of the genus Popeia (formerly known as the Trimeresurus popeiorum complex), and is distinguished from congeners by a combination of morphological and molecular characters. These include the absence of a red lateral stripe in adult males, low ventral scale counts and green eye coloration in males and females, and five fixed nucleotide differences in a 720 base pair fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. The new species is known only from the Cameron Highlands range in West Malaysia, where it was found between 1200 – 2000 m above sea level in or near undisturbed evergreen rainforest.

Keywords


Reptilia; Squamata; Serpentes; Viperidae; Crotalinae; Popeia inornata species nov.; Trimeresurus popeiorum; Cameron Highlands; Pahang; Malaysia; Southeast Asia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chan-ard T., Grossmann W., Gumprecht A., and Schulz K.-D. (1999), Amphibians and Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia and Thailand. An Illustrated Checklist, Bushmaster Publications, Wuerselen.

de Queiroz A., Lawson R., and Lemos-Espinal J. A. (2002), «Phylogenetic relationships of North American garter snakes (Thamnophis) based on four mitochondrial genes: How much DNA sequence is enough?», Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 22, 315 – 329.

Dowling H. G. (1951), «A proposed system for counting ventrals in snakes», Br. J. Herpetol., 1, 97 – 99.

Giannasi N. C., Thorpe R. S., and Malhotra A. (2001), «The use of amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) in determining species trees at fine taxonomic levels: Analysis of a medically important snake, Trimeresurus albolabris», Mol. Ecol., 10, 419 — 426.

Greene H. W. and Campbell J. A. (1992), «The future of pitvipers», in: J. A. Campbell and E. D. Brodie, Jr. (ed.), Biology of the Pitvipers, Selva, Tyler (TX, USA), pp. 421 – 427.

Gutberlet R. L. Jr. and Campbell J. A. (2001), «Generic recognition for a neglected lineage of South American pitvipers (Squamata: Viperidae: Crotalinae), with the description of a new species from the Colombian Chocó», Am. Mus. Novitates, 3316, 1 – 15.

ICZN (2000), «Internationale Regeln für die Zoologische Nomenklatur. 4. Auflage, offizieller deutscher Text», Abh. Naturwissenschaft. Vereins Hamburg (NF), 34, 1 – 232.

Klauber L. M. (1972), Rattlesnakes: Their Habits, Life Histories, and Influence on Mankind. Second Edition, Univ. of California Press, Berkeley.

Kumar S., Tamura K., Jakobsen I. B., and Nei M. (2001), MEGA2: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis software, Arizona State Univ., Tempe (AZ, USA).

Leviton A. E., Gibbs R. H. Jr., Heal E., and Dawson C. E. (1985), «Standards in herpetology and ichthyology: Part I. Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyology», Copeia, 1985, 802 – 832.

Lim B. L. (1982), Poisonous Snakes of Peninsular Malaysia. Second Edition, Malayan Nature Soc., Kuala Lumpur.

Malhotra A. and Thorpe R. S. (2000), «A phylogeny of the Trimeresurus group of pit-vipers: new evidence from a mitochondrial gene tree», Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 16, 199 – 211.

Malhotra A. and Thorpe R. S. (2004a), «Reassessment of the validity and diagnosis of the pitviper Trimeresurus venustus (Vogel, 1991)», Herpetol. J., 14, 21 – 33.

Malhotra A. and Thorpe R. S. (2004b), «Maximising information in systematic revisions: A combined molecular and morphological analysis of a cryptic green pitviper complex (Trimeresurus stejnegeri)», Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 82, 219 – 235.

Malhotra A. and Thorpe R. S. (2004c), «A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene regions suggests a revised taxonomy for Asian pit vipers (Trimeresurus and Ovophis)», Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 32, 83 – 100.

Müller M. J. (1996), Handbuch ausgewählter Klimastationen der Erde. 5. Aufl., Forschungsstelle Bodenerosion der Universität Trier, Trier.

Pope C. H. and Pope S. H. (1933), «A study of the green pit vipers of South-eastern Asia and Malaysia, commonly identified as Trimeresurus gramineus (Shaw), with a description of a new species from Peninsular India», Am. Mus. Novitates, 620, 1 – 12.

Regenass U. and Kramer E. (1981), «Zur Systematik der grünen Grubenottern der Gattung Trimeresurus (Serpentes, Crotalidae)», Rev. Suisse Zool., 88, 163 – 205.

Sambrook J. and Russell D. W. (2001), Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. Third Edition, Cold Spring Harbor Lab. Press, Cold Spring Harbor – New York.

Smithe F. B. (1975), Naturalist’s Color Guide, Am. Mus. of Nat. Hist., New York.

Stejneger L. (1927), «The Green Pit Viper, Trimeresurus gramineus, in China», Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus., 72, 1 – 10.

Tan N.-H., Armugam A., and Tan C.-S. (1989), «A comparative study of the enzymatic and toxic properties of venoms of the Asian lance-headed pit viper (genus Trimeresurus)», Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B, 93, 757 – 762.

Taylor E. H. and Elbel R. E. (1958), «Contribution to the herpetology of Thailand», Kansas Univ. Sci. Bull., 38, 1033 – 1189.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.