Trimeresurus hageni, Trimeresurus puniceus, and Trimeresurus sumatranus (Ophidia: Viperidae: Crotalinae): the Data on Reproductive Biology and Methods of Captive Breeding in Laboratory Conditions

Sergey A. Ryabov, Nikolai L. Orlov, Dmitry J. Panteleev, Konstantin A. Shiryaev

Abstract


In the present work there given some data on the season of reproduction, day activity, size of clutch, size of eggs and new born specimens, duration of incubation period, juvenile coloration and sexual dimorphism of three poorly studied species of Asian pit vipers: Trimeresurus hageni, Trimeresurus puniceus, and Trimeresurus sumatranus.

Keywords


Sumatra; Java; Trimeresurus hageni; Trimeresurus puniceus; Trimeresurus sumatranus; reproductive biology; captive breeding

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cox M. J. (1991), The Snakes of Thailand and Their Husbandry, Krieger Publ. Co., Malabar, Florida.

Das I. (1994), «The reptiles of South Asia: checklist and distributional summary», Hamadryad, 19, 15 – 40.

David P. and Ineich I. (1999), «Les serpents venimeux du monde: systématique et répartition», Dumerilia, 3, 3 – 499.

David P. and Vogel G. (1996), The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt-am-Main.

Golay P., Smith H. M., Broadley D. G., Dixon J. R., McCarthy C., Rage J. C., Schatti B., and Toriba M. (1993), Endoglyphs and Other Major Venomous Snakes of the World, Aemiops, Herpetological Data Center.

Grandison A. G. (1978), «Snakes of West Malaysia and Singapore», Ann. Naturhistor. Mus. Wien, 81, 283 – 303.

Gumprecht A. (2001), «Die Bambusottern der Gattung Trimeresurus Lacepede Teil IV: Checkliste der Trimeresurus-Arten Thailands», Sauria, 23(2), 25 – 32.

Gumprecht A. and Tepedelen K. (1999), «Die Bambusottern der Gattung Trimeresurus Lacepede. Teil 3: Die Java-Palmotter Trimeresurus puniceus Boie, 1827», Sauria, 21(4), 25 — 36.

Hoge A. R. and Romano-Hoge S. A. R. W. D. L. (1981 [1978/79]), «Poisonous snakes of the world. Part 1: Check list of the pit vipers Viperoidea, Viperidae, Crotalinae», Mem. Inst. Butantan, 42/43, 179 – 283.

Klemmer K. (1963), «Liste der rezenten Giftschlangen, Elapidae, Hydropheidae, Viperidae und Crotalidae», in: Die Giftschlangen der Erde, Behringwerk-Mitteilungen, Marburg, pp. 255 – 464.

Kopstein P. (1938), «Ein Beitrag zur Morphologie, Biologie und Okologie von Xenodermus javanicus Rheinhardt», Bull. Raffles Mus., 14, 168 – 174.

Manthey U. and Crossmann W. (1997), Amphibien and Reptilien Sudasiens, Natur und Tier-Verlag, Münster.

Matsui M., Hikida T., and Ota H. (1984), «A small collection of amphibians and reptiles from Padang, Sumatra», in: M. Hotta (ed.), Forest ecology and Flora of Gunung Gadut, West Sumatra (1980 – 1984), Sumatra Nat. Study, (Botany), pp. 121 – 123.

McDiarmid R. W., Campbell J. A., and T’Shaka Touré (1999), Snake Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Vol. 1, The Herpetologist’s League, Washington.

Murphy J. C., Voris H. K., and Karns (1994), «A field guide and key to the snakes of the Danum Valley, a Bornean tropical forest ecosystem», Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc., 29(7), 133 – 151.

Orlov N. L. and Dmitriev V. E. (1982), «Some terms of the captive breeding of snakes in laboratory conditions», in: Rustamov et al. (ed.), Breeding and Formation of the New Populations of the Rare and Economically Valuable Species. Abstrs. III Meet., Ashkhabad, pp. 166 – 170.

Orlov N. L., Ryabov S. A., Shiryaev K. A., and Nguyen V. S. (2001), «On the biology of pit vipers of Protobothrops genus (Serpentes: Colubroidea: Viperidae: Crotalinae)», Russ. J. Herpetol., 8(2), 159 – 164.

Orlov N. L., Ananjeva N. B., Barabanov A. V., Ryabov S. A., and Khalikov G. (2002), «Diversity of vipers (Azemiopinae, Crotalinae) in East, Southeast, and South Asia: annotated checklist and natural history data (Reptilia: Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae)», DGHT, 23(10), 117 – 218.

Ryabov S. A. and Orlov N. L. (2002), «Breeding of black mangrove snake Boiga dendrophila gemmicincta (Dumeril, Bibron et Dumeril, 1854) [Serpentes: Colubridae: Colubrinae] from Sulawesi island (Indonesia)», Russ. J. Herpetol., 9(1), 77 – 79.

Regenass U. and Kramer E. (1981), «Zur Systematik der grünen Grubenottern der Gattung Trimeresurus (Serpentes, Crotalidae)», Revue Suisse Zool., 88(1), 163 – 205.

Sommerauer H. (1997), «Erfahrungen bei der Haltung von Trimeresurus hageni (Lidth de Jeude, 1886)», Sauria, 21(4), 25 – 36.

Stuebing R. B. (1991), «A cheklist of snakes of Borneo», Raffles Bull. Zool., 39(2), 323 – 362.

Stuebing R. B. (1994), «A cheklist of snakes of Borneo: addenda and corrigenda», Raffles Bull. Zool., 42(4), 931 – 936.

Stuebing R. B. and Inger R. F. (1999), A Field Guide to the Snakes of Borneo, Natural History Publication (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu.

Taylor E. H. (1965), «The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters», Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull., 45(9), 609 – 1096.

Toriba M. (1992), « A comment on the status of the Thai palm viper, Trimeresurus wiroti», The Snake, 24(1), 71 – 73.

Tweedie M. W. F. (1983), The Snakes of Malaya, Singapore National Printers, Singapore.

Warrell D. A. (1995), «Clinical toxicology of snakebite in Asia», in: J. Meier and J. White (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Toxicology of Animal Venoms and Poisons, CRS Press, Boca Raton – New York – London – Tokyo, pp. 493 – 594.

Welch K. R. G. (1988), Snakes of the Orient: A Checklist, Krieger Publ. Co., Malabar, Florida.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30906/1026-2296-2019-9-%25s-243-254

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.