Notes on Interaction between Northern House Gecko Hemidactylus flaviviridis (Reptilia: Squamata) and Stingless Bee (Trigona iridipennis) (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini)

Raju Vyas

Abstract


The first documentation on the interaction of Northern House Gecko (Hemidactylus flaviviridis) and Stingless Bee (Trigona iridipennis). Few adult and sub-adult geckos regularly predated stingless bees. This study indicates that during morning and afternoon, geckos attended the nest and predated small numbers of incoming bees. A single adult gecko is able to hunt 8 (5 – 10) bees per 1 h and around six hour long presence of gecko was observed at the nests and an average of over four dozens bees were predated by a gecko from a single nest. This gecko species is nocturnal and foraging activity is high from evening to late night. But here, geckos predated bees diurnally being opportunistic predators.

Keywords


gecko; stingless bee; prey; predation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bauer A. (1990), «Gekkonid lizards as prey of invertebrates and predators of vertebrates», Herpetol. Rev., 21(4), 83 – 87.

Camargo J. M. F., Moure J. S., and Roubik D. W. (1988), «Melipona yucatanica, a new species (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponinae) stingless bee dispersal across the Carabian arc and post-eocene vieariance», Pan. Pacific Entomol., 64, 147 – 157.

Daniel J. C. (2002), The Book of Indian reptiles and Amphibians, Bombay Natural History Society – Oxford University Press, Bombay.

Michener C. D. (1974), The Social Behaviour of the Bees. A Comparative Study, Harvard Univ. Press, Cambridge.

Michener C. D. (2000), «The Bees of the World», in: Tribe. Meliponinae, pp. 779 – 805.

Roopa C. A. (2002), Bioecology of Stingless Bees, Trigona iridipennis Smith. M. Sc. Thesis, Bangalore.

Schleich H. H. and Kästle W. (2002), Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal, Koeltz, Königstein.

Sharma R. C. (1982), «Taxonomic and ecological studies on the reptiles of Gujarat», Rec. Zool. Survey India, 80, 85 – 108.

Shaw D. (2006), «A case of interaction of asian house gecko Hemidactylus frenatus with paper wasp polistes», http:// www.qnc.org.au/Papers/Gecko/Gecko.html

Smith F. G. (1954), «Notes on the biology and waxes of four species of African Trigona bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae)», in: Proc. R. Ent. Soc. Lond. Ser. A, 29(46), 62 – 70.

Smith M. A. (1935), The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. II. Sauria, Taylor and Francis, London.

Vyas R. (1997), «A note on the food habit of the house gecko H. flaviviridis», Cobra, No. 30, 16 – 18.

Wille A. (1983), «Biology of stingless bees», Ann. Rev. Entomol., 28, 41 – 64.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30906/1026-2296-2012-19-1-65–69

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.