Preliminary Observations and Comments on Syntopic Occurrence of Lizards in Iran

Steven C. Anderson

Abstract


Relatively little is known about the ecology of lizards in Iran. This paper serves as a brief introduction to five representative biotopes and their associated lizard species living syntopically, based largely on my own observations. The selected localities are found in 1) Masjed Soleyman, foothills of the Zagros Mountains, Khuzestan; 2) Kupal dunes, on the Mesopotamian Plain, Khuzestan; 3) Shah ‘Abbas Caravanserai, Dasht-e Kavir, on the Central Plateau; 4) an abandoned village in Sistan, ruined buildings and loose loess substrate; 5) Hyrcanian Forest, northern slopes of lower Alborz Mountains and the Gorgan region. The biotopes are characterized briefly and the concept of syntopy is discussed.


Keywords


Iran; Sauria; natural history ecology; sympatric species

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References


Anderson S. C. (1963), «Amphibians and reptiles from Iran», Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 31(4), 417 – 498.

Anderson S. C. (1993), «A note on the syntopic occurrence of three species of Teratoscincus in eastern Iran», Dactylus, 1, 8 – 10.

Bobek H. (1968), «Vegetation», in: The Land of Iran, Vol. 1, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, pp. 280 – 293.

Nilson G. and Andrén C. (1981, «Die Herpetofauna des Kavir-Schutzgebietes, Kavir-Wuste, Iran», Salamandra, 17(3/4), 130 – 146.

Pianka E. R. (1986), Ecology and Natural History of Desert Lizards, Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton.


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