Different Forms of Melanism and Its Development with Age in the Populations of Steppe Viper Vipera renardi (Christoph, 1861)

Sergey V. Ostrovskikh

Abstract


Melanistic coloration has been observed in the populations of Vipera renardi in Krasnodar Region. Various forms of melanistic pattern of coloration and its development with age are analyzed.


Keywords


melanism; color form; Vipera renardi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Andrén C. and Nilson G. (1981), «Reproductive success and risk of predation in normal and melanistic colour morphs of the adder, Vipera berus», Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 15(7), 332 – 334.

Bannikov A. G., Darevsky I. S., Ischenko V. G., Rustamov A. K., and Shcherbak N. N. (1977), Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of the USSR Fauna, Prosveshchenie, Moscow [in Russian].

Bartenev A. and Reznikova M. (1935), «Papers on the fauna of amphibians and reptiles from the western and central parts of the Caucasian State Reserve», Byull. Muzeya Gruzii, 8, 11 – 41 [in Russian].

Capula M. and Luiselli L. (1994), «Reproductive strategies in alpine adders, Vipera berus. The black females were more often», Acta Oecol., 15(2), 207 – 214.

Edelstam K. (1976), «Functional and taxonomic aspects of melanism», Zool. Scripta, 5(3 – 4), 186.

Grubant V. N., Rudayeva A. V., and Vedmederya V. I. (1973), «On the systematic of black form of common adder», in: The Problems of Herpetology, Nauka, Leningrad, pp. 68 – 71 [in Russian].

Kosierkiewicz D. (1991), «Stanowisko licznego wystepowania melanistycznej odmiany smii zygzakowatej Vipera berus morpha prester», Chronmy Przyrode Ojczysta, 47(5), 94 – 96 [in Polish].

Kuranova V. N. and Zinchenko V. K. (1988), «Variability morphological characteristics of common adder (Vipera berus) in southeastern part of Western Siberia», in: Species and Its Productivity in Area, Vilnius, pp. 135 – 136 [in Russian].

Luiselli I. and Capula M. (1992), «Reproductive strategies in alpine adders, Vipera berus, and the effects of melanism», in: Abstrs. 6’eme Eur. Ecol., Marseille, 7 – 12 Sept., 1992, Mesogee, No. 52, pp. 19 – 20.

Madsen T. and Shine R. (1992), «A rapid, sexually selected shift in mean body size in a population of snakes», Evolution (USA), 46(4), 1220 – 1224.

Monney J. C. (1990), «Habitat, morphometrie et cycles annuels d’activite de la vipere aspis Vipera aspis (L.), dans une station de l’intyamon (Prealpes fribourgeoises)», Bull. Soc. Fribourg. Sci. Natur., 79(1 – 2), 185 – 211 [in French].

Mori M. (1989), «The distribution of melanosomes in the skin of reptiles», in: Current Herpetology in East Asia, pp. 22 – 24.

Nilson G., Tuniyev B. S., Orlov N., Hoggren M., and Andrén C. (1995), «Systematics of the Vipers of the Caucasus: polymorphism or sibling species?» Asiatic Herpetol. Res., 6, 1 – 26.

Orlov N. L. and Tuniyev B. S. (1986a), «The recent areas, their possible genesis and the phylogeny of three viper species of Eurosiberian group of the Vipera kaznakovi complex», in: Systematics and Ecology of Amphibians and Reptiles. Proc. of Zool. Inst., Vol. 157, Leningrad, pp. 107 – 135 [in Russian].

Orlov N. L. and Tuniyev B. S. (1986b), «New species of the grass snake from the Caucasus, Natrix megalocephala sp. nov»., in: Herpetological Investigations in the Caucasus. Proc. of Zool. Inst., Vol. 158, Leningrad, pp. 116 – 130 [in Russian].

Pikulik M. M., Bakharev V. A., and Kosov S. V. (1988), «Common adder — Vipera berus (L., 1758)», in: Reptiles of Belorussia, Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk, pp. 72 – 82 [in Russian].

Terent’ev P. V. and Chernov S. A. (1949), Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians, Sovetskaya Nauka, Moscow [in Russian].

Vedmederya V. L., Orlov N. L., and Tuniyev B. S. (1986), «On the taxonomy of the three viper species of the Vipera kaznakovi complex», in: Systematics and Ecology of Amphibians and reptiles. Proc. of Zool. Inst., Vol. 157, Leningrad, pp. 55 – 61 [in Russian].

Vedmederya V. I., Grubant V. N., and Rudayeva A. V. (1986), «On the question of name of black viper from forest-steppe zone of European part of USSR», Zap. Khark. Univ., 288, 83 – 85 [in Russian].




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30906/1026-2296-1997-4-2-186-191

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.