Some Aspects of Historical Biogeography of Asian Rock Agamids

Natalia B. Ananjeva, Boris S. Tuniyev


The genesis of areals of Asian rock agamids belonging to the genus Laudakia Gray, 1845 is considered. The hypothesis about two routes of radiation of these lizards endemic for arid mountain regions of Palearctic is offered. The southern route from the hypothetical center of origin in the area of mountain systems of Hindukush and Himalayas passed in the conditions of southern subtropics with well developed belt of sclerophilous forests. This evolutional line with «caucasia» complex remains the relic areas in forest regions. Northern group of species with «himalayana» complex had its speciation in northern subtropic area with more severe climatic situation determined by strong continental and arid conditions. Altitudinal and biotopic differences of Laudakia species under their sympatric distribution are specially discussed.


Reptilia; Sauria; Agamidae; Laudakia; Palearctic Asia; systematics; biogeography; distribution; evolution

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