Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Systematics, Phylogeny, and Evolution of Phrynocephalus (Superspecies przewalskii) (Reptilia: Agamidae)

Evgeny A. Dunayev, Evgeniya N. Solovyeva, Nikolay A. Poyarkov

Abstract


The superspecies przewalskii group of Phrynocephalus includes several taxa with unclear taxonomic status. We analyze a fragment of the mitochondrial DNA gene COI and the body patterns of 275 specimens including type specimens. The results resolve the taxonomy and phylogeny of the group and we provide a diagnostic key for the species.

Keywords


phylogeny; Phrynocephalus przewalskii; COI

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ananjeva N. B. (1977), «Taxonomic differences in the structure of the skull and dental system of agamid lizards (Sauria, Agamidae) of the USSR fauna», Zool. Zh., LVI(7), 1062 – 1070 [in Russian].

Ananjeva N. B. (1998), «The skull structure of some arid Asian agamids of Phrynocephalus genus (Agamidae, Sauria)», Russ. J. Herpetol., 5(1), 29 – 35.

Ananjeva N. B. and Tuniyev B. S. (1992), «Historical biogeography of the Phrynocephalus species of the USSR», Asiatic Herpetol. Res., 4, 76 – 98.

Barabanov A. V. and Ananjeva N. B. (2007), «Catalogue of the available scientific species-group names for lizards of the genus Phrynocephalus Kaup, 1825 (Reptilia, Sauria, Agamidae)», Zootaxa, 1399, 56.

Bedriaga Y. V. (1909), Amphibians and Reptiles. Scientific Results of N. M. Przhevalsky’s Travels in Central Asia. Otd. Zool., III, 1(3), Imp. Akad. Nauk, St. Petersburg, pp. 279 – 502 [in Russian].

Bondartsev A. S. (1965), Color Scale. Manual for Biologists in Scientific and Applied Research, Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow – Leningrad, p. 28 [in Russian].

Chernov S. A. (1948), Reptiles — Reptilia. Animal World of USSR. Vol. 2. Desert Zone, Izd. AN SSSR, Moscow – Leningrad, p. 127 – 161 [in Russian].

Dunayev E. A. (1995), «Reviewed description of types of Phrynocephalus strauchi Nikolsky, 1899 (Squamata, Agamidae) and materials on the history of its study, distribution, and variability», Russ. J. Herpetol., 2(2), 87 – 94.

Dunayev E. A. (1997), «About taxonomical status of Phrynocephalus versicolor (Sauria: Agamidae) from Mongolian Dzungaria», in: Herpetology’97. Abstrs. of the Third World Congress of Herpetology, 2 – 10 August 1997, Prague, p. 58.

Dunayev E. A. (2009), «Systematics and paleogeography: conceptual synthesis using the example of Phrynocephalus (superspecies guttatus) (Reptilia: Agamidae)», Evolution and Systematics: Lamarc and Darvin in Modern Researches, Sb. Tr. Zool. Muz. MGU, 50, pp. 275 – 298.

Dunayev E. A. and Poyarkov N. A. (2010), «Phylogeny, phylogeography, and identification of аsian toad-head agamas Phrynocephalus (superspecies versicolor)», Modern Herpetol. DeAgamis2. 2nd Int. Symp. on agamid lizards. Vol. 10, pp. 142 – 143.

Dunayev E. A., Poyarkov N. A., Matrosova V. A., Solovyeva E. N., Dujsebayeva T. N., and Munkhbayar K. (2009), «Phylogeographic patterns in Phrynocephalus guttatusPhrynocephalus versicolor species complex (Reptilia: Agamidae) from Central Asia», in: 15th Eur. Congr. of Herpetol. and SEH Ord. Gen. Meeting. 28 September – 02 October 2009, Kuşadasi – Aydin, Turkey, p. 158.

Golubev M. L. (1993), «The variegated toad agama in Djungar Gate (Estern Kazakstan) with notes on certain systematic problems of Phrynocephalus versicolor Str. (Reptilia: Agamidae)», Asiatic Herpetol. Res., 5, 51 – 58.

Golubev M. L. (1989), «Phrynocephalus guttatus (Gmel.) or Ph. versicoior Str. (Reptilia, Agamidae): which species of toadhead agama inhabit Kazakhstan?» Vestn. Zool., 5, 38 – 46 [in Russian].

Golubev M. L. (1992), «Variegated toadhead agama Phrynocephalus versicoior (Reptilia, Agamidae) in Dzhungar gates (East Kazakhstan) with notes on the species systematics», Vestn. Zool., 2, 31 – 38 [in Russian].

Gozdzik A. (2004), Species, Speciation, and Hybridization in Toad-Headed Lizards of the Phrynocephalus przewalskii Complex. Unpublished MSc Thesis, University of Guelph, Canada, p. 81.

Gozdzik A. and Fu J. (2009), «Are toad-headed lizards Phrynocephalus przewalskii and Ph. frontalis (Family Agamidae) the same species? Defining species boundaries with morphological and molecular data», Russ. J. Herpetol., 16(2), 107 – 118.

Guo X. and Wang Y. (2007), «Partitioned Bayesian analyses, dispersal-vicariance analysis, and the biogeography of Chinese toad-headed lizards (Agamidae: Phrynocephalus): a re-evaluation», Mol. Phylogen. Evol., 45(2), 643 – 662.

Hall T. A. (1999), «BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT», Nucl. Acids Symp., 41, 95 – 98.

Ivanova N. V, de Waard J., and Hebert P. D. N. (2006), «An inexpensive, automation friendly protocol for recovering high quality DNA», Mol. Ecol. Notes, 6, 998 – 1002.

Lanfear R., Calcott B., Ho S. Y. W., and Guindon S. (2012), «PartitionFinder: combined selection of partitioning schemes and substitution models for phylogenetic analyses», Mol. Biol. Evol., 29(6), 1695 – 1701.

Li D., Song S., Chen T., Zhang C., and Chang C. (2013), «Complete mitochondrial genome of the desert toad-headed agama, Phrynocephalus przewalskii (Reptilia, Squamata, Agamidae), a novel gene organization in vertebrate mtDNA», Mitochondr. DNA, 0, 1 – 2.

Likhnova O. P. (1992), Biochemical Polymorphism, Taxonomy, and Phylogeny of Lizards of the Genus Phrynocephalus (Agamidae, Reptilia). Author’s Abstract of Candidate’s Thesis, Izd. IÉMÉZh RAN [in Russian].

Melnikov D., Guo X., Fu J., Wang Yu., Orlov N., Nazarov R., and Ananjeva N. (2012), «Six year of Sino-Russian collaboration in studying Asian desert lizards», in: 5th Asian Herpetol. Conf. Ann. Meeting of Chin. Herpetol. Soc., Chengdu, China, June 2 – 4.

Melnikov D. A., Fu J., and Ananjeva N. B. (2009), «On the systematics, phylogeography and hybridization of toad agamas Ph. guttatusversicolor complex», in: The Sino-Russian Seminar «Study and Conservation of Eurasian Amphibians and Reptiles: results and plans of cooperation», St. Petersburg, 29 July – 3 August, p. 33.

Pang J., Wang Y., Zhong Y., Hoelzel A. R., Papenfuss T. J., Zeng X., Ananjeva N. B., and Zhang Y. P. (2003), «A phylogeny of Chinese species in the genus Phrynocephalus (Agamidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences», Mol. Phylogen. Evol., 27, 398 – 409.

Peters G. (1984), «Die Krötenkopfagamen Zentralasiens (Agamidae: Phrynocephalus)», Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, B60(H1), 23 – 67.

Pope C. H. (1935), The Reptiles of China. Turtes, Crocodilians, Snakes, Lizards, Nat. Hist. Central Asia, Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., New York, p. 604.

Ronquist F. and Huelsenbeck J. P. (2003), «MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models», Bioinformatics, 19(12), 1572 – 1574.

Semenov D. V. and Shenbrot G. I. (1989), «Taxonomical position of variegated toadhead agama Phrynocephalus versicolor (Reptilia, Agamidae) from Mongolia», Zool. Zh., LXVIII(12), 79 – 87.

Semenov D. V. (1986), «Materials on the variability and intraspecies systematics of the variegated toadhead agama (Phrynocephalus versicolor Str.) in Mongolia», in: Herpetologicalal Researches in Mongolian People’s Republic, pp. 157 – 173 [in Russian].

Semenov D. V. (1987), «Systematics, ecology, and behavior of the toadhead agamas of the group «guttatus» (Reptilia, Agamidae, Phrynocephalus). Author’s Abstract of Candidate’s Thesis, Moscow, Izd. IÉMÉZh AN SSSR [in Russian].

Semenov D. V. (1997), «Variegated toadhead agama, Phrynocephalus versicolor Strauch, 1876», in: Amphibians and Reptiles of Mongolia. Reptiles, KMK Ltd., Moscow, pp. 71 – 123 [in Russian].

Solovyeva E. N., Poyarkov N. A., Dunayev E. A., Nazarov R. A., Lebedev V. S., and Bannikova A. A. (2014), «Phylogenetic relationships and subgeneric taxonomy of toad-headed agamas Phrynocephalus (Reptilia, Squamata, Agamidae) as determined by mitochondrial DNA Sequencing», Dokl. Biol. Nauk, 455, 484 – 489.

Song S., Li D., Zhang C., Jiang K., Zhang D., and Chang C. (2014), «The complete mitochondrial genome of the color changeable toad-headed agama, Phrynocephalus versicolor (Reptilia, Squamata, Agamidae)», Mitochondr. DNA, 0, 1 – 2.

Tamura K., Stecher G., Peterson D., Filipski A., and Kumar S. (2013), «MEGA6: Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis Version 6.0», Mol. Biol. Evol., 30, 2725 – 2729.

Tong H., Li J., Wo Y., Shao G., Zhao W., Aguilar Gómez D., and Jin Y. (2019), «Effects of substrate color on intraspecific body color variation in the toad-headed lizard, Phrynocephalus versicolor», Ecol. Evol., 9, 10253 – 10262. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.5545

Uetz P. (ed.) (2012), The Reptile Database, http://www.reptile-database.org, accessed 31 December 2012.

Urquhart J. W., Bi K., Gozdzik A., and Fu. J. (2005), «Isolation and characterization of microsatellite DNA loci in the toad-headed lizards, Phrynocephalus przewalskii complex», Mol. Ecol. Notes, 5, 928 – 930.

Wang Y. and Fu J. (2004), «Cladogenesis and vicariance patterns in the toad-headed lizard Phrynocephalus versicolor species complex», Copeia, 2004(2), 199 – 206.

Wang Y. and Wang H. (1993), «Geographic variation and diversity in three species of Phrynocephalus in the Tengger Desert, Western China», Asiatic Herpetol. Res., 5, 65 – 73.

Whiteman R. S. (1978), Evolutionary History of the Lizard Genus Phrynocephalus (Lacertilia: Agamidae). Master’s Thesis, California State University, Fullerton, p. 113.

Yelpatyevskiy V. S. (1908), «Amphibians and reptiles of Transbaikal», Tr. Troitsko-Savsko-Kyakht. Otd. Priamur. Otd. Imp. Russ. Geog. Obshch. Spb., 9(1) for 1906, 42 – 61.

Zeng X., Wang Yu., Liu Zh., and Wu G. (2000), «Karyotypic differentiation among populations of Phrynocephalus versicolor», in: Abstrs. of the Fourth Asian Herpetol. Conf., July 16 – 20, Chengdu, China, pp. 170 – 171.

Zhao K. (1979), «A survey of the classification and distribution of the toad-headed agamids (Phrynocephalus) in China [Studies on the classification and distribution of sand lizards in China]», Acta Univ. Inner Mongolia [Acta Scientiarum Naturalism Universitatis Intramongolicae], Hohhot, 2, 111 – 121.

Zhao K. (1995), «Description of a new species of the genus Phrynocephalus from Inner Mongolia», Herpetol. Ser., 8, 47 – 56.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30906/1026-2296-2021-28-1-43-59

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.