Two New Species of Genera Protobothrops Hoge et Romano-Hoge, 1983 and Viridovipera Malhotra et Thorpe, 2004 (Ophidia: Viperidae: Crotalinae) from Karst Region in northeastern vietnam. Part I. Description of a New Species of Protobothrops

Nikolai L. Orlov, Sergey A. Ryabov, Thien Tao Nguyen

Abstract


Two new species of Protobothrops and Viridovipera genera were recorded in karst region in Trung Khanh Nature Reserve, Cao Bang Province and karst region in Cat Ba National Park, Hai Phong Province in northeastern Vietnam. This paper (part I) includes description of a new species of Protobothrops genus. The short data on natural history and comparison with species of Protobothrops and Trimeresurus sensu lato are provided. Special focus is made on comparison with Indochina and southern China pitvipers from karst massifs in tropical and subtropical forests.

Keywords


new species; Viridovipera; Protobothrops; Trimeresurus sensu lato; Trung Khanh Nature Reserve; Cao Bang Province; northeastern Vietnam; karst area

Full Text:

PDF

References


David P. and Ineich I. (1999), «Les serpents venimeux du monde: systématique et repartition», Dumérilia, 3, 3 – 499.

David P., Vogel G., Sumontha M., Pauwels O. S. G., and Chanhome L. (2004), «Confirmation of the validity of Trimeresurus venustus Vogel, 1991, with an expanded description of Trimeresurus kanburiensis Smith, 1943 (Reptilia: Serpentes: Crotalidae)», Russ. J. Herpetol., 10(2), 81 – 90.

Dowson K., Malhotra A., Thorpe R. S., Guo P., Mrinalini, and Ziegler T. (2008), «Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals a new member of the Asian pitviper genus Viridovipera (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae)», Mol. Phylogen. Evol., 49, 356 – 361.

Guo P. and Zhang F. (2001), «Comparative studies on hemipenis of four species of Trimeresurus (sensu stricto) (Serpentes: Crotalinae)», Amphibia–Reptilia, 22, 113 – 117.

Guo P., Malhotra A., Li P. P., Pook C. E., and Creer S. (2007), «New evidence on the phylogenetic position of the poorly known Asian pitviper Protobothrops kaulbacki (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae) with a redescription of the species and a revision of the genus Protobothrops», Herpetol. J., 17, 237 – 246.

Guo P. and Zhao E.-M. (2006), "Comparison of skull morphology in nine Asian pit vipers (Serpetes, Crotalinae)", Herpetol. J., 16, 305 – 313.

Gumprecht A. and Ryabov S. A. (2002), «Die Gattung Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 — Zum Kenntnisstand der Forshung», Draco, 12(3), 31 – 44.

Gumprecht A., Tillack F., Orlov N. L, Captain A., and Ryabov S. A. (2004), Asian Pitvipers. 1st Edition, Geitje Books Berlin.

Grismer L. L, Grismer J. L., and McGuire J. A. (2006), «A new species of pitviper of the genus Popeia (Squamata: Viperidae) from Pulau Tioman, Pahang, West Malaysia», Zootaxa, 1305, 1 – 19.

Grismer L. L., Ngo Van Tri, and Grismer J. L. (2008), «A new species of insular pitviper of the genus Cryptelytrops (Squamata: Viperidae) from southern Vietnam», Zootaxa, 1715, 57 – 68.

Herrmann H.-W., Ziegler T., Stuart B. L., and Orlov N. L. (2002), «New findings on the distribution, ecology and morphology of Triceratolepidophis sieversorum (Serpentes: Viperidae)», Herpetol. Nat. Hist., 9(1), 89 – 94.

Herrmann H.-W., Ziegler T., Malhotra A., Thorpe R. S., and Parkinson C. L. (2004), «Redescription and systematics of Trimeresurus cornutus (Serpentes: Viperidae) based on morphology and molecular data», Herpetologica, 60(2), 211 – 221.

Hoge A. R. and Romano-Hoge S. A. R. W. L. (1981), Poisonous Snakes of the World. Part 1. Check List of the Pitvipers, Viperoidea, Viperidae, Crotalinae, Mem. Inst. Butantan, pp. 179 – 309.

Hoge A. R. and Romano-Hoge S. A. L. (1983), «Notes on micro and ultrastructure of ‘Oberhäutschen’ in Viperoidea. Viperoidea, Viperidae, Crotalinae», Mem. Inst. Butantan, 44/45, 81 – 118.

Iskandar D. T. and Colijn E. (2002), Checklist of Southeast Asian and New Guinean Reptiles. Part 1. Serpentes, Binamitra, Jakarta.

Malhotra A. and Thorpe R. S. (2004), «A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene region suggests a revised taxonomy for(Asian(pitvipers((Trimeresurus(and(Ovophis)»,(Mol. Phylogen. Evol., 32, 83 – 100.

Manthey U. and Crossmann W. (1997), Amphibien and Reptilien Sudasiens, Natur- und Tier-Verlag, Münster.

McDiarmid R. W., Campbell J. A., and T’Shaka A. Touré (1999), Snake Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference. Vol. 1, Publ. by Herpetol. League.

Orlov N. L. (1995), «Rare snakes of the mountainous forests of Northern Indochina», Russ. J. Herpetol., 2(2), 179 – 183.

Orlov N. L. (1997), «Viperid snakes (Viperidae Bonaparte, 1840) of Tam-Dao mountain ridge (Vinh-Phu and Bac-Thai Provinces, Vietnam)», Russ. J. Herpetol., 4(1), 64 – 74.

Orlov (Orlow) N. L. (1998a), «Die Giftschlangen der vietnamesischen Bergwälder. Teil 1. Familie Elapidae», Herpetofauna, 20(115), 11 – 19.

Orlov (Orlow) N. L. (1998b), «Die Giftschlangen der vietnamesischen Bergwälder. Teil 2. Familie Viperidae», Herpetofauna, 20(116), 5 – 14.

Orlov N. L., Murphy R. W., and Papenfuss T. J. (2000), «List of snakes of Tam-Dao mountain ridge (Tonkin, Vietnam)», Russ. J. Herpetol., 7(1), 69 – 80.

Orlov N. L., Ryabov S. A., Shiryaev K. A., and Nguyen Van Sang (2001), «On the biology of pit vipers of Protobothrops genus (Serpentes: Colubroidea: Viperidae: Crotalinae)», Russ. J. Herpetol., 8(2), 159 – 164.

Orlov N. L., Ananjeva N. B., Barabanov A. V., Ryabov S. A., and Khalikov R. G. (2002), «Diversity of vipers (Azemiopinae, Crotalinae) in East, Southeast, and South Asia: Annotated checklist and natural history data (Reptilia: Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae)», Faun. Abh. Tierk. Dresden, 23(10), 177 – 218.

Orlov N. L., Ryabov S. A., Nguyen Van Sang, and Nguyen Quang Truong (2003), «New records and data on the poorly known snakes of Vietnam», Russ. J. Herpetol., 10(3), 217 – 240.

Orlov N. L., Ryabov S. A., Bui N. T., and Ho T. C. (2004), »A new species of Trimeresurus (Ophidia: Viperidae: Crotalinae) from karst region in central Vietnam». Russ. J. Herpetol., 11(2), 139 – 149.

Sanders K. L. Malhotra A., Gumprecht A., Thorpe R. S., and Kuch U. (2004), «Popeia inornata, a new species of pitviper from West Malaysia (Squamata: Viperidae: Crotalinae)», Russ. J. Herpetol., 11(3), 171 – 184.

Smith M. A. (1943), The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, including the whole of the Indochinese subregion. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III. Serpentes, Taylor and Francis, New Deli.

Vogel G. (1991), «Eine neue Trimeresurus Art aus Thailand, Trimeresurus venustus sp. nov. (Reptilia: Serpentes: Crotalidae)», Sauria, 13(1), 23 – 28.

Vogel G., David P., and Pauwels O. S. G. (2004), «A review of morphological variation in Trimeresurus popeiorum (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae), with the description of two new species», Zootaxa, 727, 1 – 63.

Ziegler T. (2002), Die Amphibien and Reptilien eines Tieflandfeuuchtwald-Schutzgebietes in Vietnam, Natur- und Tier-Verlag, Münster.

Ziegler T., Herrmann H.-W., David P., Orlov N., and Pauwels O. S. G. (2000), «Triceratolepidophis sieversorum, a new genus and species of pitvipers (Reptilia: Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae) from Vietnam», Russ. J. Herpetol., 7(3), 199 – 214.

Ziegler T. and Herrmann H.-W. (2002), «Wiederentdeckung zweier gehörnter Grubenotterarten in Vietnam», ZGAP Mitteilungen, 18(2), 24 – 26.

Ziegler T., Herrmann H.-W., Vu Ngok Thanh, Le Khac Quyet, Nguyen Tan Hiep, Cao Xuan Chinh, Luu Minh Thank, and Dinh Huy Tri (2004), «The amphibians and reptiles of the Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, Quang Binh Province, Vietnam», Hamadryad, 28(1 – 2), 19 – 42.

Ziegler T., Hendrix R., Vu Ngoc Thanh, Vogt M., Forster B., and Dang Ngoc Kien (2007), «The diversity of a snake community in a karst forest ecosystem in the central Truong Son, Vietnam, with an identification key», Zootaxa, 1493, 1 – 40.

Ziegler T., Ohler A., Vu N. T., Le K. Q., Nguyen X. T., Dinh H. T., and Bui N. T. (2006), «Review of the amphibian and reptile diversity of Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park and adjacent areas, central Truong Son, Vietnam», in: Vences M., Köhler J., Ziegler T., and Böhme W. (eds.), Herpetologia Bonnensis II. Proc. of the 13th Congr. of the Soc. Eur. Herpetol., Bonn, 2005, pp. 247 – 262.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.