Reptiles and Amphibians of Al Madinah Al Munawwarah Province, Saudi Arabia

Abdulhadi A. Aloufi, Zuhair S. Amr, Mohammad A. Abu Baker


A total of 44 species of amphibians and reptiles are reported from Al Madinah Al Munawwarah Province, Saudi Arabia. They include two species of amphibian in two families (Bufonidae and Dicroglossidae) and 42 reptiles belonging to 16 families (Agamidae, Boidae, Chamaeleonidae, Colubridae, Elapidae, Gekkonidae, Lacertidae, Lamprophiidae, Leptotyphlopidae, Phyllodactylidae, Psammophiidae, Scincidae, Sphaerodactylidae, Varanidae, Typhlopidae, and Viperidae). Platyceps sinai, Psammophis sibilans, Rhynchocalamus melanocephalus, are recorded for the first time to the herpetofauna of Saudi Arabia. Range expansion for Euphlyctis ehrenbergii and Acanthocercus adramitanus to northern Saudi Arabia is reported. Our records expand the known distribution range of the Arabian Cobra, Naja arabica, further northwest.


reptiles; amphibians; Al Madinah Province; new records; Saudi Arabia

Full Text:



Al-Johany A. M., Al-Qarni S. S., and Hasayen K. A. (2014), «Distribution and habitats of amphibians in the central region of Saudi Arabia», Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 9, 601 – 608.

Al-Jumaily M. M. (1984), «Panaspis wahlbergi, an addition to the reptile fauna of Saudi Arabia», Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 6, 528 – 533.

Aloufi A. A. and Amr Z. S. (2015), «On the herpetofauna of the Province of Tabuk, northwest Saudi Arabia (Amphibia, Reptilia)», Herpetozoa, 27, 147 – 158.

Al-Qahtani A. R. and Al-Johany A. W. (2018), «Amphibians distribution and habitats in the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia», Saudi J. Biol. Sci., 25, 1380 – 1386.

Alqahtani A. R. M. (2018), «Lizard community in Tathleeth District of southwestern Saudi Arabia», Egypt. Acad. J. Biol. Sci., 10, 29 – 34.

Al-Sadoon M. K. (1988), «Survey of the reptilian fauna of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. II. The lizard and amphisbaenian fauna of Riyadh Province», Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 24, 58 – 76.

Al-Sadoon M. K. (1989), «Survey of the reptilian fauna of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. I. The snake fauna of the central region», J. King Saud Univ. Sci., 1, 53 – 69.

Al-Sadoon M. K. (2010), «Survey of the reptilian fauna of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia IV. The lizards, snakes and amphisbaenian fauna of Al-Hassa Region», J. Egypt.-Ger. Soc. Zool. Ser. B, 61, 59 – 85.

Al-Sadoon M. K., Al-Farraj S. A., and Abdo N. M. (1991), «Survey of the reptilian fauna of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia. III. An ecological survey of the lizard, amphisbaenian and snake fauna of Al-Zulfi Area», Bull. Maryland Herpetol. Soc., 27, 1 – 22.

Al-Sadoon M. K., Paray B. A., and Al-Otaibi H. S. (2016), «Survey of the reptilian fauna of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. V. The lizard fauna of Turaif region», Saudi J. Biol. Sci., 23, 642 – 648.

Al-Sadoon M. K., Paray B. A., and Al-Otaibi H. (2017), «Survey of the reptilian fauna of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. VI. The snake fauna of Turaif region», Saudi J. Biol. Sci., 24, 925 – 928.

Alshammari A. H., Busais S. M., and Ibrahim A. A. (2017), «Snakes in the Province of Ha’il, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including two new records», Herpetozoa, 30, 59 – 63.

Alshammari A. M. and Ibrahim A. A. (2015), «Lizards and snakes in the historical Faid Protected Area (Faid Hema), Ha’il region, Saudi Arabia», Herpetol. Conserv. Biol., 10, 1021 – 1029.

Al-Shammari M. A. (2012), «Additional records of lizards in Ha’il Province, Saudi Arabia», Russ. J. Herpetol., 19(4), 287 – 291.

Amr Z. S. and Disi A. (2011), «Systematics, distribution and ecology of the snakes of Jordan», Vertebr. Zool., 61, 179 – 266.

Anderson J. (1896), A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with A Preliminary List of the Reptiles and Batrachians of Egypt, R. H. Porter, London.

Anderson J. (1898), Zoology of Egypt. Vol. 1. Reptilia and Batrachia, B. Quaritch, London.

Anderson S. C. (1999), The Lizards of Iran, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Oxford, Ohio.

Arnold E. N. (1986), «A key and annotated checklist to the lizards and amphisbaenians of Arabia», Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 8, 385 – 435.

Badiane A., Garcia-Porta J., Červenka J., Kratochvíl L., Sindaco R., Robinson M. D., Morales H, Mazuch T., Price T., Amat F., Shobrak M. Y., Wilms T., Simó-Riudalbas M., Ahmadzadeh F., Papenfuss T. J., Cluchier A., Viglione J., and Carranza S. (2014), «Phylogenetic relationships of Semaphore geckos (Squamata: Sphaerodactylidae: Pristurus) with an assessment of the taxonomy of Pristurus rupestris», Zootaxa, 3835, 33 – 58.

Baha El Din S. (2006), A Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Egypt, The American University in Cairo Press.

Balletto E. M., Cherchi M. A., and Gasperetti J. (1985), «Amphibians of the Arabian Peninsula», Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7, 318 – 392.

Cunningham P. L. (2010), «Checklist of terrestrial reptiles in three protected areas in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia», Herpetol. Rev., 41, 25 – 28.

Egan D. (2007), Snakes of Arabia, Motivate Publishing, Dubai.

Farag A. A. and Banaja A. A. (1980), «Amphibians and reptiles from the western region of Saudi Arabia», Bull. Sci. King Abdulaziz Univ., 4, 5 – 29.

Gardner A. S. (2013), The Amphibians and Reptiles of Oman and the UAE, Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main.

Gasperetti J. (1976), «Walterinnesia aegyptia Lataste, a rare black snake», J. Saudi Arab. Nat. Hist. Soc., 16, 2 – 8.

Gasperetti J. (1988), «Snakes of Arabia», Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 9, 169 – 450.

Haas G. (1957), «Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia», Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 29, 47 – 86.

Haas G. and Werner Y. L. (1969), «Lizards and snakes from Southwestern Asia, collected by Henry Field», Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 138, 327 – 406.

Hillenius D. and Gasperetti J. (1984), «Reptiles of Saudi Arabia: the chameleons of Saudi Arabia», Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 6, 513 – 527.

Hussein H. K. and Darwish A. D. (2001), «A survey of the herpetofauna of Bisha district, south of Saudi Arabia», J. Biol. Sci., 1, 728 – 730.

Joger U. (1984), The Venomous Snakes of the Near and Middle East. Vol. 12(A), Beihefic Tubinger, Atlas des vorderen orients.

Marx H. (1958), «Egyptian snakes of the genus Psammophis», Fieldiana Zool., 39, 191 – 200.

Marx H. (1988), «The colubrid snake, Psammophis schokari, from the Arabian Peninsula», Fieldiana Zool. New Ser., 40, 1 – 16.

Melnikov D., Nazarov R., Ananjeva N. B., and Disi A. (2012), «A new species of Pseudotrapelus (Agamidae, Sauria) from Aqaba, southern Jordan», Russ. J. Herpetol., 19(2), 143 – 154.

Melnikov D. A. and Melnikova E. N. (2013), «Taxonomic diversity of the genus Pseudotrapelus (Agamidae; Sauria) and biogeography of Afro-Arabia», Tr. Zool. Inst. RAN [in Russian], 317, 438 – 451.

Melnikov D., Melnikova E., Nazarov R., Rajabizadeh M., Al-Johany A., Amr Z. S., and. Ananjeva N. B. (2014a), «Taxonomic revision of Phrynocephalus arabicus Anderson, 1984 complex with description of a new species from Ahvaz, South-Western Iran», Russ. J. Herpetol., 21(2), 149 – 159.

Melnikov D., Melnikova E., Milto K., and Ananjeva N. B. (2014b), «On an occurrence of Pseudotrapelus aqabensis Melnikov, Nazarov, Ananjeva and Disi, 2012 in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt», Curr. Stud. Herpetol., 14, 27 – 31.

Moravec J., Kratochvíl L., Amr Z. S., Jandzik D., Šmíd J., and Gvoždík V. (2011), «High genetic differentiation within the Hemidactylus turcicus complex (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) in the Levant, with comments on the phylogeny and systematics of the genus», Zootaxa, 2894, 21 – 38.

Nilson G. and Rastegar-Pouyani N. (2007), «Walterinnesia aegyptia Lataste, 1887 (Ophidia: Elapidae) and the status of Naja morgani Mocquard 1905», Russ. J. Herpetol., 14(1), 7 – 14.

Schätti B. (1989), «Amphibien und Reptilien aus der Arabischen Republik Jemen und Djibouti», Rev. Suisse Zool., 96, 905 – 937.

Schätti B. and Gasperetti J. (1994), «A contribution to the herpetofauna of Southwest Arabia», Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 14, 384 – 423.

Schmidt K. P. and Marx H. (1956), «The herpetology of Sinai», Fieldiana Zool., 39, 21 – 40.

Sindaco R. and Jeremčenko V. K. (2008), The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annotated Checklist and Distributional Atlas of the Turtles, Crocodiles, Amphisbaenians and Lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy).

Šmíd J., Martínez G., Gebhart J., Aznar J., Gállego J., Göçmen B., De Pous P., Tamar K., and Carranza S. (2015), «Phylogeny of the genus Rhynchocalamus (Reptilia; Colubridae) with a first record from the Sultanate of Oman», Zootaxa, 4033, 380 – 392.

Šmíd J., Moravec J., Kratochvíl L., Gvoždík V., Nasher A. K., Busais S. M., Wilms T., Shobrak M. Y., and Carranza S. (2013), «Two newly recognized species of Hemidactylus (Squamata, Gekkonidae) from the Arabian Peninsula and Sinai, Egypt», ZooKeys, 355, 79 – 107.

Tamar K., Scholz S., Crochet P.-A., Geniez P., Meiri S., Schmitz A., Wilms T., and Carranza S. (2016), «Evolution around the Red Sea: Systematics and biogeography of the agamid genus Pseudotrapelus (Squamata: Agamidae) from North Africa and Arabia», Mol. Phylogen. Evol., 97, 55 – 68.

Wilms T. and Böhme W. (2000), «Zur Taxonomie und Verbreitung der Arten der Uromastyx-ocellata-Gruppe (Sauria: Agamidae)», Zool. Middle East, 21, 55 – 76.

Wilms T. M. and Böhme W. (2007), «Review of the taxonomy of the spiny-tailed lizards of Arabia (Reptilia: Agamidae: Leiolepidinae: Uromastyx)», Fauna of Arabia, 23, 435 – 468.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email