Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Age Structure and Body Size in a Turkish Population of the Green Lizard, Lacerta viridis (Laurenti, 1768)

Ufuk Bülbül, Halime Koç, Ali İhsan Eroğlu, Yasemin Odabaş, Muammer Kurnaz, Bilal Kutrup

Abstract


The present study was designed to obtain information about life history traits of Lacerta viridis in the Belen population with an altitude of 292 m. In the adult sample (21 males and 15 females), the age ranged from 3 – 10 (X = = 6.97) years for both sexes collectively, 5 – 10 (X = 7.43) years in males, 3 – 8 (X = 6.33) years in females and not differed significantly between sexes. Age at sexual maturity was 2 – 3 years for both sexes. However, a confirmation is required with some sexual characters (e.g., the presence of eggs for female, developed hemipenes for male) for age at sexual maturity in both sexes. The mean body size (SVL) was not significantly different between sexes. There was no correlation between SVL and age for males while there was a positive correlation for females. A male-biased sexual size dimorphism (SSD = 0.07) was observed in the population of L. viridis.

Keywords


longevity; SVL; age at maturity; SSD; Belen

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akiki Y. S., Saadé J. H., Hokayem M. L., Hraoui-Bloquet S., and Nassar F. (2015), «Female reproductive cycle of the lacertid lizard Acanthodactylus schreiberi syriacus (Reptilia: Squamata) from Lebanon», Herpetol. Notes, 8, 439 – 443.

Andrews R. M. (1998), «Geographic variation in field body temperature of Sceloporus lizards», J. Therm. Biol., 23(6), 329 – 334.

Aragón P. and Fitze P. S. (2014), «Geographical and temporal body size variation in a reptile: roles of sex, ecology, phylogeny and ecology structured in phylogeny», PLoS ONE, 9(8), e104026.

Arakelyan M. and Danielyan F. (2000), «Age and growth of some parthenogenetic and bisexual species of rock lizards (Lacerta), from Armenia», Zool. Zh., 79, 585 – 590 [in Russian].

Arribas O. J. (1996), «Taxonomic revision of the Iberian ‘Archaeolacertae.’ I. A new interpretation of the geographical variation of ‘Lacertamonticola Boulenger, 1905 and ‘Lacertacyreni Müller and Hellmich, 1937 (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae)», Herpetozoa, 9(1/2), 31 – 56.

Bauwens D. and Diaz-Uriarte R. (1997), «Covariation of life-history traits in Lacertid lizards: A comparative study», Am. Naturalist, 149, 91 – 111.

Bauwens D. (1999), «Life-history variations in Lacertid lizards», Nat. Croat., 8, 239 – 252.

Best T. L. and Gennaro A. L. (1984), «Feeding ecology of the lizard, Uta stansbriana, in southestern Mexico», J. Herpetol., 18, 291 – 301.

Bülbül U., Kurnaz M., Eroğlu A. İ., Koç H., and Kutrup B. (2016), «Age and growth of the red-belied lizard, Darevskia parvula», Anim. Biol., 66, 81 – 95.

Cabezas-Cartes F., Boretto J. M., and Ibargüengoytía N. R. (2015), «Age, growth and life-history parameters of an endemic vulnerable lizard from Patagonia, Argentina», Herpetol. J., 25, 215 – 224.

Caetano H. M. and Castanet J. (1993), «Variability and microevolutionary patterns in Triturus marmoratus from Portugal: age, size, longevity and individual growth», Amphibia–Reptilia, 14, 117 – 129.

Castanet J. and Smirina E. M. (1990), «Introduction to the skeletochronological method in amphibians and reptiles», Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool., 11, 191 – 196.

Castanet J., Francillon-Vieillot H., Meunier F. J., and De Ricqlès A. (1993), «Bone and individual aging», in: B. K. Hall (ed.), Bone. Vol. 7. Bone Growth-B, CRC Press, Boca Raton Florida, pp. 245 – 283.

Castanet J. (1994), «Age estimation and longevity in reptiles», Gerontology, 40, 174 – 192.

Darevskij I. S. (1984), «Lacerta strigata Eichwald 1831 – Kaspische Smaragdeidechse», in: W. Böhme (ed.), Handbuch der Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Vol. 2/1. Echsen II. (Lacerta), Aula Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp. 82 – 99.

Dubey S., Sinsch U., Dehling M. J., Chevalley M., and Shine R. (2013), «Population demography of an endangered lizard, the Blue Mountains Water Skink», BMC Ecol., 13(4).

Eroğlu A. İ., Bülbül U., Kurnaz M., and Odabaş Y. (2018), «Age and growth of the common wall lizard, Podarcis muralis (Laurenti, 1768)», Anim. Biol., 68, 147 – 159.

Guarino F. M. and Erişmiş U. C. (2008), «Age determination and growth by skeletochronology of Rana holtzi, an endemic frog from Turkey», Ital. J. Zool., 75, 237 – 242.

Guarino F. M., Gia I. D., and Sindaco R. (2010), «Age and growth of the sand lizards (Lacerta agilis) from a high Alpine population of north-western Italy», Acta Herpetol., 5, 23 – 29.

Gül S., Özdemir N., Kumlutaş Y., and Ilgaz Ç. (2014), «Age structure and body size in three populations of Darevskia rudis (Bedriaga, 1886) from different altitudes (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae)», Herpetozoa, 26(3/4), 151 – 158.

Gül S., Ilgaz Ç., Kumlutaş Y., and Candan K. (2017), «Age structure and growth pattern in an east Anatolian high altitude population of Iranolacerta brandtii (De Filippi, 1863) (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae)», Herpetozoa, 30(1/2), 3 – 7.

Hews D. K. (1988), «Examining hypotheses generated by field measures of sexual selection on male lizards, Uta palmeri», Evolution, 44, 1956 – 1966.

Isailovic J. C. et al. (2009), The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Lacerta viridis. https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/61530/12507156 (accessed March 1, 2018).

Jakob C., Seitz A., Crivelli A. J., and Miaud C. (2002), «Growth cycle of the marbled newt (Triturus marmoratus) in the Mediterranean region assessed by skeletochronology», Amphibia–Reptilia, 23, 407 – 418.

John-Alder H. B. and Cox R. M. (2007), «The development of sexual size dimorphism in Sceloporus lizards: testosterone as a bipotential growth regulator», in: D. J. Fairbairn, W. U. Blanckenhorn, and T. Székely (eds.), Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism, Oxford Univ. Press, London, pp. 195 – 204.

Kanat B. and Tok C. V. (2015), «Age structure of Hemidactylus turcicus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from southwestern Anatolia (Muğla, Turkey)», Turk. J. Zool., 39, 373 – 377.

Kaliontzopoulou A., Carretero M. A., and Lorente G. A. (2007), «Multivariate and geometric morphometrics in the analysis of sexual dimorphism variation in Podarcis lizards», J. Morphol., 268, 152 – 165.

Khonyakina Z. P. (1970), Data on Biology of Lacerta agilis in Daghestan, Izd. DGU, Makhachkala [in Russian].

Khonyakina Z. P. (1972), Lacerta strigata and L. media of Daghestan, Izd. DGU, Makhachkala [in Russian].

Kleinenberg S. E. and Smirina E. M. (1969), «On the method of determination of age in amphibians», Zool. Zh., 48, 1090 – 1094 [in Russian].

Kurita T. and Toda M. (2013), «Validation and application of skeletochronology for age determination of the Ryukyu Ground Gecko, Goniurosaurus kuroiwae (Squamata: Eublepharidae)», Asian Herpetol. Res., 4, 233 – 241.

Lovich J. E. and Gibbons J. W. (1992), «A review of techniques for quantifying sexual size dimorphism», Growth Dev. Aging, 56, 269 – 281.

Lozano A. (2013), Estudio comparado de la reproducción y cambios histológicos de las gónadas de la lagartija vivípara Sceloporus grammicus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) durante un ciclo anual en dos ambientes contrastantes. Master Thesis, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, México.

Muskhelishvili T. A. (1970), Reptiles of East Georgia, Metsniereba, Tbilisi [in Russian].

Odabaş Y., Bülbül U., Eroğlu A. İ., Koç H., Kurnaz M., and Kutrup B. (2019), «Age structure and growth in a Turkish population of the Balkan Green Lizard, Lacerta trilineata Bedriaga, 1886 (Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae)», Herpetozoa, 31(3/4), 183 – 193.

Olsson M. and Shine R. (1996), «Does reproductive success increase with age or with size in species with indeterminate growth? A case study using sand lizards (Lacerta agilis)», Oecologia, 105, 175 – 178.

Özdemir N., Altunışık A., Ergül T., Gül S., Tosunoğlu M., Cadeddu G., and Giacoma C. (2012), «Variation in body size and age structure among three Turkish populations of the tree frog Hyla arborea», Amphibia–Reptilia, 33, 25 – 35.

Roitberg E. S. and Smirina E. M. (2006), «Age, body size and growth of Lacerta agilis boemica and L. strigata: a comparative study of two closely related lizard species based on skeletochronology», Herpetol. J., 16, 133 – 148.

Ryser J. (1998), «Determination of growth and maturation in the common frog, Rana temporaria, by skeletochronology», J. Zool., 216, 673 – 685.

Saint Girons H., Castanet J., Bradshaw S. D., and Baron J. P. (1989), «Démographie comparée de deux populations françaises de Lacerta viridis (Laurenti, 1768)», Rev. Ecol. Terre Vie, 44(4), 361 – 386.

Sears M. W. and Angilletta M. J. (2004), «Body size clines in Sceloporus lizards: proximate mechanisms and demographic constraints», Integr. Comp. Biol., 44, 433 – 442.

Shammakov S. M. (1981), Reptiles of the Plains of Turkmenistan, Ylym, Ashgabad [in Russian].

Sindaco R. and Jeremcenko V. (2008), The Reptiles of the Western Palearctic. 1. Annottated checklist and distributional atlas of turtles, crocodiles, amphisbaenians and lizards of Europe, North Africa, Middle East and Central Asia, Edizioni Belvedere, Latina.

Sinsch U. and Dehling L. M. (2017), «Tropical anurans mature early and die young: Evidence from eight Afromontane Hyperolius species and a meta-analysis», PLoS ONE, 12(2), e0171666.

Smirina E. M. (1972), «Annual layers in bones of Rana temporaria», Zool. Zh., 51, 1529 – 1534.

Tertyshnikov M. F. (2002), Reptiles of the Central Cis-Caucasia, Stavropolservisshkola, Stavropol [in Russian].

Üzüm N., Ilgaz Ç., Kumlutaş Y., Gümüş Ç., and Avcı A. (2014), «The body size, age structure, and growth of Bosc’s fringe-toed lizard, Acanthodactylus boskianus (Daudin, 1802)», Turk. J. Zool., 38, 383 – 388.

Üzüm N., Ilgaz Ç., Avcı A., Candan K., Güler H., and Kumlutaş Y. (2018), «Comparison of the body size and age structure of Lebanon lizard, Phoenicolacerta laevis (Gray, 1838) at different altitudes in Turkey», Vertebr. Zool., 68, 83 – 90.

Vergilov V., Tzankov N., and Zlatkov B. (2018), «Age structure and growth in Bulgarian populations of Ablepharus kitaibelii (Bibron and Bory De Saint-Vincent, 1833) (Squamata: Sauria: Scincidae)», Herpetozoa, 30(3/4), 179 – 185.

Vitt L. J. and Cooper W. E., Jr. (1985), «The evolution of sexual dimorphism in the skink Eumeces laticeps: an example of sexual selection», Can. J. Zool., 63, 995 – 1002.

Wapstra E., Wan R., and O’Reilly J. M. (2001), «Geographic variation in age and size at maturity in a small Australian viviparous skink», Copeia, 2001, 646 – 655.

Yakın B. Y. and Tok C. V. (2014), «Age estimation of Anatololacerta anatolica (Werner, 1902) in the vicinity of Çanakkale by skeletochronology», Turk. J. Zool., 39, 66 – 73.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30906/1026-2296-2023-30-1-5-10

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email sales@ivis.ru