Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Life History Traits in a Population of Pelobates syriacus (Boettger, 1889) from Turkey

Ufuk Bülbül, Halime Koç, Yasemin Odabaş, Ali İhsan Eroğlu, Muammer Kurnaz, Bilal Kutrup

Abstract


Age structure of the eastern spadefoot toad, Pelobates syriacus from the Kızılırmak Delta (Turkey) were assessed using phalangeal skeletochronology. Snout-vent length (SVL) ranged from 42.05 to 86.63 mm in males and 34.03 to 53.27 mm in females. Age of adults ranged from 2 to 8 years in males and 3 to 5 years in females. For both sexes, SVL was significantly correlated with age. Males and females of the toads reached maturity at 2 years of age.

Keywords


longevity; SVL; age at maturity; SSD; Kızılırmak Delta

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agasyan A., Tuniyev B., Crnobrnja-Isailovic J., Lymberakis P., Andrén C., Cogălniceanu D., Wilkinson J., Ananjeva N., Üzüm N., Orlov N., Podloucky R., Tuniyev S., and Kaya U. (2009), «Pelobates syriacus», The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. http://www.iucnredlist.org, accessed at 2015.08.17.

Altunışık A. (2018a), «The first demographic data and body size of the southern banded newt, Ommatotriton vittatus (Caudata: Salamandridae)», Acta Herpetol., 13, 13 – 19.

Altunışık A. (2018b), «Age, Survivorship and Life Expectancy in Near Eastern Fire Salamander, Salamandra infraimmaculata (Caudata: Salamandridae)», Russ. J. Ecol., 49, 166 – 171.

Andreone F., Bergó P. E., Bovero S., and Gazzaniga E. (2004), «On the edge of extinction? The spadefoot Pelobates fuscus insubricus in the Po Plain, and a glimpse at its conservation biology», Ital. J. Zool., 71, 61 – 72.

Berven K. A. (1982), «The genetic basis of altitudinal variation in the wood frog Rana sylvatica. I. An experimental analysis of life history traits», Evolution, 36, 962 – 983.

Buono V., Guarino F. M., and Vignoli L. (2014), «Maximum body size and age distribution in the Italian stream frog, Rana italica Dubois 1987 (Amphibia: Anura)», Acta Herpetol., 9, 231 – 235.

Bülbül U., Kurnaz M., Eroğlu A. İ., Koç H., and Kutrup B. (2016), «Age and growth of the red-belied lizard, Darevskia parvula», Anim. Biol., 66, 81 – 95.

Caetano M. H. and Castanet J. (1993), «Variability and microevolutionary patterns in Triturus marmoratus from Portugal: age, size, longevity and individual growth», Amphibia–Reptilia, 14, 117 – 129.

Castanet J. and Smirina E. M. (1990), «Introduction to the skeletochronological method in amphibians and reptiles», Annals Sci. Nat. Zool., 11, 191 – 196.

Čavlović K., Buj I., Karaica D., Jelić D., and Choleva L. (2018), «Composition and age structure of the Pelophylax esculentus complex (Anura; Ranidae) population in inland Croatia», Salamandra, 54, 11 – 20.

Cogălniceanu D., Roşioru D., Székely P., Székely D., Buhaciuc E., Stănescu F., and Miaud C. (2014), «Age and body size in populations of two syntopic spadefoot toads (genus Pelobates) at the limit of their ranges», J. Herpetol., 48, 537 – 545.

Džukić G., Beskov V., Sidorovska V., Cogălniceanu D., and Kalezić M. L. (2005), «Historical and contemporary ranges of the spadefoot toads Pelobates spp. (Amphibia: Anura) in the Balkan Peninsula», Acta Zool. Cracov, 48A(1 – 2), 1 – 9.

Džukić G., Beskov V., Sidorovska V., Cogălniceanu D., and Kalezić M. L. (2008), «Contemporary chorology of the spadefoot toads (Pelobates spp.) in the Balkan Peninsula», Z. Feldherpetol., 15, 61 – 78.

Erişmiş U. C. (2018), «Age, size, and growth of the Turkish endemic frog Pelophylax caralitanus (Anura: Ranidae)», Anat. Rec., 301, 1224 – 1234.

Eroğlu A. İ., Bülbül U., Kurnaz M., and Odabaş Y. (2018), «Age and growth of the common wall lizard, Podarcis muralis (Laurenti, 1768)», Anim. Biol., 68, 147 – 159.

Esteban M., Garcia-Paris M., and Castanet J. (1996), «Use of bone histology in estimating the age of frogs (Rana perezi) from a warm temperate climate area», Can. J. Zool., 74, 1914 – 1921.

Esteban M., Garcia-Paris M., and Castanet J. (1999), «Bone growth and age in Rana saharica, a water frog living in a desert environment», Ann. Zool. Fenn., 36, 53 – 62.

Guarino F. M., Angelini F., and Cammarota M. (1995), «A skeletochronological analysis of three syntopic amphibian species from southern Italy», Amphibia– Reptilia, 16, 297 – 302.

Guarino F. M. and Erişmiş U. C. (2008), «Age determination and growth by skeletochronology of Rana holtzi, an endemic frog from Turkey», Ital. J. Zool., 75, 237 – 242.

Guarino F. M., Gia I. D., and Sindaco R. (2008), «Age structure in a declining population of Rana temporaria from northern Italy», Acta Zool. Acad. Sci. Hung., 54, 99 – 112.

Guarino F. M., de Pous P., Crottini A., Mezzasalma M., and Andreone F. (2011), «Age structure and growth in a population of Pelobates varaldii (Anura, Pelobatidae) from northwestern Morocco», Amphibia–Reptilia, 32, 550 – 556.

Gül S., Özdemir N., Üzüm N., Olgun K., and Kutrup B. (2011), «Body size and age structure of Pelophylax ridibundus populations from two different altitudes in Turkey», Amphibia–Reptilia, 32, 287 – 292.

Hemelaar A. S. (1988), «Age, growth and other population characteristics of Bufo bufo from different latitudes and altitudes», J. Herpetol., 22, 369 – 388.

Hernández A. and Seva E. (1985). «Datos preliminares sobre la alimentación de la rana común (Rana perezi) en la provincia de Alicante», Ayudas Investig., 3, 37 – 46.

Hutchinson V. H. and Dupré R. K. (1992), «Thermoregulation», in: M. E. Feder and W. W. Burggren (eds.), Environmental Physiology of the Amphibians, Chicago Univ. Press, Chicago, pp. 206 – 249.

Jakob C., Seitz A., Crivelli A. J., and Miaud C. (2002), «Growth cycle of the marbled newt (Triturus marmoratus) in the Mediterranean region assessed by skeletochronology», Amphibia–Reptilia, 23, 407 – 418.

John-Alder H. B. and Cox R. M. (2007), «The development of sexual size dimorphism in Sceloporus lizards: testosterone as a bipotential growth regulator», in: D. J. Fairbairn, W. U. Blanckenhorn, and T. Székely (eds.), Sex, Size and Gender Roles: Evolutionary Studies of Sexual Size Dimorphism, Oxford Univ. Press, London, pp. 195 – 204.

Kalaycı T. E., Özdemir N., Altunışık A., and Gül S. (2015), «The effect of altitude, latitude and climatic variables on life-history traits of male Hyla savignyi (Audouin, 1827) from Anatolia (Turkey): A skeletochronological study», Herpetozoa, 28(1/2), 55 – 62.

Kleinenberg S. E. and Smirina E. M. (1969), «On the method of determination of age in amphibians», Zool. Zh., 48, 1090 – 1094 [in Russian].

Leclair R. (1990), «Relationships between relative mass of the skeleton, endosteal resorption, habitat and precision of age determination in ranid amphibians», Annals Sci. Nat. Zool., 11, 205 – 208.

Leclair M. H., Leclair R. Jr., and Gallant J. (2005), «Application of skeletochronology to a population of Pelobates cultripes (Anura: Pelobatidae) from Portugal», J. Herpetol., 39, 199 – 207.

Li C., Liao W. B., Yang Z. S., and Zhou C. Q. (2010), «A skeletochronological estimation of age structure in a population of the Guenther’s frog, Hylarana guentheri, from western China», Acta Herpetol., 5, 1 – 11.

Liao W. B. and Lu X. (2010), «Age structure and body size of the Chuanxi tree frog Hyla annectans chuanxiensis from 2 different elevations in Sichuan (China)», Zool. Anz., 248, 255 – 263.

López J. A., Antoniazzi C. E., Llanes R. E., and Ghirardi R. (2017), «Age structure, growth pattern, sexual maturity, and longevity of Leptodactylus latrans (Anura: Leptodactylidae) in temperate wetlands», Amphibia–Reptilia, 38, 371 – 379.

Lovich J. E. and Gibbons J. W. (1992), «A review of techniques for quantifying sexual size dimorphism», Growth Dev. Aging, 56, 269 – 281.

Lyapkov S. M., Cherdantsev V. G., and Cherdantseva E. M. (2010), «Geographic variation of sexual dimorphism in the moor frog (Rana arvalis) as a result of differences in reproductive strategies», Zh. Obshch. Biol., 71, 337 – 358 [in Russian].

Miaud C., Guyeâtant R., and Elmberg J. (1999), «Variations in life-history traits in the common frog Rana temporaria (Amphibia: Anura): a literature review and new data from the French Alps», J. Zool., 249, 61 – 73.

Olgun K., Uzüm N., Avcı A., and Miaud C. (2005), «Age, size and growth of the southern Crested newt Triturus karelinii (Strauch, 1870) in a population from Bozdağ (Western Turkey). Amphibia–Reptilia, 26, 223 – 230.

Özdemir N., Altunışık A., Ergül T., Gül S., Tosunoğlu M., Cadeddu G., and Giacoma C. (2012), «Variation in body size and age structure among three Turkish populations of the tree frog Hyla arborea», Amphibia– Reptilia, 33, 25 – 35.

Patón D., Juarranz A., Sequerosm E., Pérez-Campo R., López Torres M., and Barja de Quiroga G. (1991), «Seasonal age and sex structure of Rana perezi assessed by skeletochronology», J. Herpetol., 25, 389 – 394.

Patrelle C., Hjernquist M. B., Laurila A., Söderman F., and Merila J. (2012), «Sex differences in age structure, growth rate and body size of common frogs Rana temporaria in the subarctic», Polar Biol., 35, 1505 – 1513.

Rot-Nikčević I., Sidorovska V., Džukić G., and Kalezić M. L. (2001), «Sexual size dimorphism and life history traits of two European spadefoot toads (Pelobates fuscus and P. syriacus) in allopatry and sympatry», Ann. Ser. Hist. Nat., 11, 107 – 120.

Ryser J. (1998), «Determination of growth and maturation in the common frog, Rana temporaria, by skeletochronology. J. Zool., 216, 673 – 685.

Sagor E. S., Ouellet M., Barten E., and Green D. M. (1998), «Skeletochronology and geographic variation in age structure in the wood frog, Rana sylvatica», J. Herpetol., 32(4), 469 – 474.

Sinsch U. (2015), «Review: Skeletochronological assessment of demographic life-history traits in amphibians», Herpetol. J., 25, 5 – 13.

Sinsch U. and Dehling L. M. (2017), «Tropical anurans mature early and die young: Evidence from eight Afromontane Hyperolius species and a meta-analysis», PLoS ONE, 12(2), e0171666.

Smirina É. M. (1972), «Annual layers in bones of Rana temporaria», Zool. Zh., 51, 1529 – 1534 [in Russian].

Smirina É. M. (1994), «Age determination and longevity in amphibians», Gerontology, 40, 133 – 146 [in Russian].

Speybroeck J., Beukema W., Bok B., van der Voort J., and Velikov I. (2016), Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Britain and Europe (British Wildlife Field Guides), Bloomsbury Natural History, London – New York.

Székely P., Iosif R., Székely D., Stănescu F., and Cogălniceanu D. (2013), «Range extension for the Eastern spadefoot toad Pelobates syriacus (Boettger, 1889)», Herpetol. Notes, 6, 481 – 484.

Tomašević-Kolarov N., Vljevic L. K., Polovic L. D. G., and Kalezic M. L. (2010), «The body size, age structure and growth pattern of the endemic Balkan Mosor rock lizard (Dinolacerta mosorensis Kolombatovich, 1886)», Acta Zool. Hung., 56, 55 – 71.

Wells K. D. (2007), The Ecology and Behavior of Amphibians, The Univ. of Chicago Press Books, Chicago.

Yılmaz N., Kutrup B., Çobanoğlu U., and Özoran Y. (2005), «Age determination and some growth parameters of a Rana ridibunda population in Turkey», Acta Zool. Hung., 51, 67 – 74.

Zhang L. X. and Lu X. (2013), «Sexual size dimorphism in anurans: ontogenetic determination revealed by an across-species comparison», Evol. Biol., 40, 84 – 91.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30906/1026-2296-2020-27-4-195-200

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.