Notes on the Natural History of Pseudocerastes urarachnoides (Squamata: Viperidae)

Behzad Fathinia, Steven C. Anderson, Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani, Hasan Jahani, Hosien Mohamadi


An Iranian viper, Pseudocerastes urarachnoides, was collected alive during fieldwork in April 2008. The viper was transferred to the lab where many observations were made of its biology, behavior, feeding, habitat and distribution. During this survey we verified the previous speculation that its tail ornament (knob-like structure) is used as a lure to attract prey. Distribution was extended from Kermanshah Province to Khuzestan Province.


Pseudocerastes; Pseudocerastes urarachnoides; tail ornament; caudal luring; Squamata; Iran; Viperidae; behavior; feeding; distribution

Full Text:



Anderson S. C. (1968), «Zoogeographic analysis of the lizard fauna of Iran», in: W. B. Fisher (ed.), The Land of Iran. Vol. 1. The Cambridge History of Iran. Chapter 10, Cambridge Univ. Press, London, pp. 305 – 371, 749 – 752.

Anderson S. C., Web-site with video:

Bobek H. (1952), «Beiträge zur Klima-ökologische Gliederung Irans», Erdkunde, 6(2 – 3), 65 – 84.

Bostanchi H., Anderson S. C., Haji Gholi Kami, and Papenfuss Th. J. (2006), «A new species of Pseudocerastes with elaborate tail ornamentation from western Iran (Squamata: Viperidae)», Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci. Ser. 4, 57(14), 443 – 450.

Fathinia B. (2006), Biosystematic Study of Lizards of Ilam Province. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Lorestan, Khoramabad, Iran.

Rahnamaei M. T. (1996a), Effects of Development on Ilam Province. 2nd Stage, General office of Ilam Environment [in Farsi].

Rahnamaei M. T. (1996b), Effects of Development on Ilam Province. 1st Stage, General office of Ilam Environment [in Farsi].

Walter H. and Lieth H. (1960), «Klimadiagram», in: Weltatlas, Gustav Fischer, Jena.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email