Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Genetic Structure of Salamandra inframaculata Martens, 1885 in Kurdistan Province, Western Iran

Nabi Ahsani, Mohammad Kaboli, Eskandar Rastegar-Pouyani, Mahmood Karami

Abstract


Salamandra inframaculata is a member of the Salamandridae family that is distributed in the Near and Middle East. The taxonomic status of the Iranian population was not clear with respect to other subspecies and populations in its distribution range. In this study, we collected 16 samples of the species from the west of Iran and compared with the previously published results. Our results revealed that the Iranian and the easternmost populations from southeastern Turkey clustered together and could be assigned to the subspecies S. i. semenovi. The Taurus population from Turkey belongs to the subspecies S. i. orientalis. Populations from Hatay (Turkey) and Israel are included in the nominal subspecies, S. i. inframaculata. Populations from southeastern Turkey created a monophyletic clade that apparently could represent a new subspecies.

Keywords


Salamandra inframaculata; D-loop marker; genetic distance

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bolnick D. I. and Fitzpatrick B. M. (2007), «Sympatric speciation: models and empirical evidence», Ann. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst., 38, 459 – 487.

Caccone A., Milinkovitch M. C., Sbordoni V., and Powell J. R. (1997), «Mitochondrial DNA rates and biogeography in European newts (genus Euproctus)», Syst. Biol., 46, 126 – 144.

Condamine F. L., Nagalingum N. S., Marshall C. R., and Morlon H. (2015), «Origin and diversification of living cycads: a cautionary tale on the impact of the branching process prior in Bayesian molecular dating», BMC Evol. Biol., 15, 1 – 65.

Coyne J. A. and Orr H. A. (2004), Speciation, Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.

Degani G. and Warburg M. R. (1978), «Population structure and seasonal activity of the adult Salamandra salamandra (L.) (Amphibia, Urodela, Salamandridae) in Israel», J. Herpetol., 12(4), 437 – 444.

Felsenstein J. (1985), «Confidence limits on phylogenies: an approach using the bootstrap», Evolution, 39(4), 783 – 791.

Hall T. A. (1999), «BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT», in: Nucleic Acids Symposium Series. Issue 41, London, Information Retrieval Ltd., pp. 95 – 98.

Kimura M. (1981), «Estimation of evolutionary distances between homologous nucleotide sequences», Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 78, 454 – 458.

Klewen R. (1991), Die Landsalamander Europas, Teil 1: die Gattungen Salamandra und Mertensiella, Die Neue Brehm Bücherei, Nr. 584.

Leviton A. E., Anderson S. C., Adler K., and Minton S. A. (1992), Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles, Society for the Study of Amphibian and Reptile, California, USA.

Mayr E. (1963), Animal Species and Evolution, Harvard Univ. Press.

Niemiller M. L., Fitzpatrick B. M., and Miller B. T. (2008), «Recent divergence with gene flow in Tennessee cave salamanders (Plethodontidae: Gyrinophilus) inferred from gene genealogies», Mol. Ecol., 17, 2258 – 2275.

Posada D. and Crandall K. A. (1998), «Modeltest: testing the model of DNA substitution», Bioinformatics, 14, 817 – 818.

Pröhl H., Ron S. R., and Ryan M. J. (2010), «Ecological and genetic divergence between two lineages of Middle American tungara frogs Physalaemus (= Engystomops) pustulosus», BMC Evol. Biol., 10, 146.

Ronquist F., Teslenko M., Van Der Mark P., Ayres D. L., Darling A., Höhna S., Larget B., Liu L., Suchard M. A., and Huelsenbeck J. P. (2012), «MrBayes 3.2: efficient Bayesian phylogenetic inference and model choice across a large model space», Syst. Biol., 61, 539 – 542.

Silvestro D. and Michalak I. (2012), «raxmlGUI: a graphical front-end for RAxML», Organisms Divers. Evol., 12, 335 – 337.

Stamatakis A. (2006), «RAxML-VI-HPC: maximum likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models», Bioinformatics, 22, 2688 – 2690.

Steinfartz S., Veith M., and Tautz D. (2000), «Mitochondrial sequence analysis of Salamandra taxa suggests old splits of major lineages and postglacial recolonizations of Central Europe from distinct source populations of Salamandra salamandra», Mol. Ecol., 9, 397 – 410.

Tamura K., Stecher G., Peterson D., Filipski A., and Kumar S. (2013), «MEGA6: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 6.0», Mol. Biol. Evol., 30, 2725 – 2729.

Tarkhnishvili D., Gavashelishvili A., and Mumladze L. (2011), «Palaeoclimatic models help to understand current distribution of Caucasian forest species», Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 105, 231 – 248.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.30906/1026-2296-2019-26-5-267-271

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.