An Agamid Specimen from Manipur (India) Formerly Thought to be Pseudocalotes microlepis (Boulenger, 1888) Seems to Be an Undescribed Species

Varada Raju, Sunandan Das, Probhat Bag, Sujoy Raha


For several years, record of Pseudocalotes microlepis from Manipur (India) has been a matter of debate among Indian herpetologists. We studied the specimen in question and found that the specimen differs from Pseudocalotes microlepis and all other described Agamid lizards of North East India and adjacent Myanmar. On the basis of morphological characters, we assign it provisionally to genus Calotes and it seems to represent a hitherto undescribed species. However, we cannot currently describe it as the specimen is in rather bad condition and thus precludes the description of important characters.


Pseudocalotes; North East India; Agamidae; Calotes

Full Text:



Acharji M. N. and Kripalani M. B. (1951), «Contributions to the fauna of the Manipur state, Assam. Part IV. Reptilia», Rec. Indian Mus., 48, 93 – 100.

Ahmed M. F., Das A., and Dutta S. K. (2009), Amphibians and Reptiles of Northeast India: A Photographic Guide, Aaranyak, Guwahati.

Annandale N. (1905), «Contributions to oriental herpetology II – III. Notes on the oriental lizards in the Indian Museum, with a list of species recorded from British India and Ceylon», J. Proc. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, 1, 81 – 93.

Boulenger G. A. (1888), «An account of the reptiles and batrachians obtained in Tenasserim by M. L. Fea, of the Genova Civic Museum», Ann. Mus. civ. stor. nat. Genova, 2, 474 – 486.

Chan-Ard T., Cota M., Makchai S., and Laoteow S. (2008), «A new species of the genus Pseudocalotes (Squamata: Agamidae) from peninsular Thailand», Thailand Nat. Hist. Mus. J., 3, 25 – 31.

Das I. (1994), «The reptiles of South Asia: Checklist and distributional summary», Hamadryad, 19, 15 – 40.

Das I. (1996), Biogeography of the Reptiles of South Asia, Krieger Publishing Company, Florida.

Das I. (1997), «Checklist of the reptiles of India with English common names», Hamadryad, 22, 32 – 45.

Das I. (2003), «Growth of knowledge on the reptiles of India with an introduction to systematics taxonomy and nomenclature», J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 100, 446 – 501.

Das I. (2012), «Reptilia», in: Compendium: On the occasion of DST 5th school of herpetology, 24th February – 10th March, 2012, Baripada, India, pp. 63 – 80.

Grismer L. L., Quah E. S., Wood P. L., Anuar S., Muin A., Davis H. R., Murdoch M. L., Grismer J. L., Cota M., and Cobos A. J. (2016), «Dragons in the mist: three new species of Pseudocalotes Fitzinger (Squamata: Agamidae) from the sky island archipelago of Peninsular Malaysia», Zootaxa, 4136, 461 – 490.

Hallermann J. (2000), «The Taxonomic Status of Acanthosaura fruhstorferi Werner, 1904 and Calotes brevipes Werner, 1904 (Squamata, Agamidae)», Zoosyst. Evol., 76, 143 – 150.

Hallermann J. and Böhme W. (2000), «A review of the genus Pseudocalotes (Squamata: Agamidae), with description of a new species from West Malaysia», Amphibia–Reptilia, 21, 193 – 210.

Hallermann J., Truong N. Q., Orlov N., and Ananjeva N. (2010), «A new species of the genus Pseudocalotes (Squamata: Agamidae) from Vietnam», Russ. J. Herpetol., 17(1), 31 – 40.

Harikrishnan S. and Vasudevan K. (2010), «Rediscovery of Calotes andamanensis Boulenger, 1891, and assessment of its generic allocation (squamata: sauria: Agamidae)», Herpetozoa, 26, 3 – 13.

Harvey M. B., Hamidy A., Kurniawan N., Shaney K., and Smith E. N. (2014), «Three new species of Pseudocalotes (Squamata: Agamidae) from southern Sumatra, Indonesia», Zootaxa, 3841, 211 – 238.

Harvey M. B., Shaney K., Hamidy A., Kurniawan N., and Smith E. N. (2017), «A new species of Pseudocalotes (Squamata: Agamidae) from the Bukit Barisan Range of Sumatra with an Estimation of its phylogeny», Zootaxa, 4276, 215 – 232.

Mahony S. (2010), «Systematic and taxomonic revaluation of four little known Asian agamid species, Calotes kingdonwardi Smith, 1935, Japalura kaulbacki Smith, 1937, Salea kakhienensis Anderson, 1879 and the monotypic genus Mictopholis Smith, 1935 (Reptilia: Agamidae)», Zootaxa, 2514, 1 – 23.

Mathew R. (1981), «Lizards from North-Eastern India», J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 79, 208 – 209.

Mathew R. (2005), «Reptilia» in: Alfred J. R. B. (ed.), Fauna of Manipur. Part 1, Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, pp. 119 – 122.

Murthy T. S. N. (2010), The Reptile Fauna of India, B. R. Publ. Corp., Hyderabad.

Schulte J. A., II, Vindum J. V., Win H., Thin T., Lwin K. S., and Shein A. K. (2004), «Phylogenetic relationships of the genus Ptyctolaemus (Squamata: Agamidae), with a description of a new species from Chin Hills of Western Myanmar», Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 55, 222 – 247.

Smith M. A. (1935), The Fauna of British India Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. II. Sauria, Taylor and Francis, London.

Uetz P., Freed P., and Hošek J. (2017), The Reptile Database, (accessed on December 30, 2017).

Vindum J. V., Win H., Thin T., Lwin K. S., Shein A. K., and Tun H. (2003), «A new Calotes (Squamata: Agamidae) from the Indo-Burman range of western Myanmar (Burma)», Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 54, 1 – 16.

Zug G. R., Brown H. H., Schulte J. A., and Vindum J. V. (2006), «Systematics of the garden lizards, Calotes versicolor group (Reptilia, Squamata, Agamidae), in Myanmar: Central dry zone populations», Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 57, 35 – 68.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email