Cover Image

New Records of Reptiles on the Red Sea Coast, Egypt, with Notes on Zoogeography

Konstantin D. Milto


New records of 20 reptile species and subspecies on the Red Sea coast of Sinai Peninsula and Eastern Desert in Egypt are given. A zoogeographical analyses of the herpetofauna and comparison of the species compositions results to estimate the biodiversity for each subregion of Eastern Egypt. The faunal richness, taxonomic diversity and endemism level in hyperarid deserts of the Egypt are discussed. Mountainous South Sinai and southern part of the South Eastern Desert is suggested to consider as biodiversity hotspots in Eastern Egypt.


reptiles; herpetofauna; biodiversity; zoogeography; Red Sea coast; Egypt; Sinai; Eastern Desert

Full Text:



Abd El-Ghani M. M. and Abdel-Khalik K. N. (2006), “Floristic diversity and phytogeography of the Gebel Elba National Park, South-East Egypt,” Turk. J. Bot., 30, 121 – 136.

Anderson J. (1896), Herpetology of Arabia with preliminary list of the Reptiles and Batrachians of Egypt, R. H. Porter, London.

Anderson J. (1898), Zoology of Egypt. Volume First. Reptilia and Batrachia, Bernard Quaritch, London.

Attum O., Kramer A., Mahmoud T., and Fouda M. (2014), “Post-nesting migrations patterns of green turtles (Chelonia mydas) from the Egyptian Red Sea,” Zool. Middle East, 60(4), 299 – 305.

Babayev A. G., Drozdov N. N., Zonn I. S., and Freykin Z. G. (1986), The Deserts, Mysl’, Moscow [in Russian].

Baha El Din Sh. (1999), “On the specific status of Ptyodactylus ragazzii Anderson, 1898 and its occurrence in Egypt (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae),” Herpetozoa, 12(1/2), 39 – 43.

Baha El Din Sh. (2006), A Guide to the Reptiles and Amphibians of Egypt, The American Univ. in Cairo Press, Cairo – New York.

Brito J. C., Godinho R., Martínez-Freiría F., Pleguezuelos J. M., Rebelo H., Santos X., Vale C. G., Velo-Anton G., Boratynski Z., Carvalho S. B., Ferreira S., Gonçalves D. V., Silva T. S., Tarroso P., Campos J. C., Leite J. V., Nogueira J., Álvares F., Sillero N., Sow A. S., Fahd S., Crochet P.-A. and Carranza S. (2013), “Unravelling biodiversity, evolution and threats to conservation in the Sahara-Sahel,” Biol. Rev., 89(1), 215 – 231.

Carranza S. and Arnold E. N. (2006), “Systematics, biogeography, and evolution of Hemidactylus geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) elucidated using mitochondrial DNA sequences,” Mol. Phylogen. Evol., 38, 531 – 545.

Flower S. S. (1933), “Notes on the recent reptiles and amphibians of Egypt, with a list of the species recorded from that kingdom,” Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 103, 735 – 851.

Formia A., Godley B. J., Dontaine J.-F., and Bruford M. W. (2006), “Mitochondrial DNA diversity and phylogeography of endangered green turtle (Chelonia mydas) populations in Africa,” Conserv. Gen., 7, 353 – 369.

Frazier J. and Salas S. (1984),” The status of marine turtles in the Egyptian Red Sea,” Biol. Conserv., 30, 41 – 67.

Geniez P. and Gauthier Y. (2008), “On the distribution of Platyceps saharicus (Reptilia: Colubridae) in the Sahara,” Salamandra, 44(4), 255 – 256.

Goodman S. M. and Hobbs J. J. (1994), “The distribution and ethnozoology of reptiles of the northern portion of the Egyptian Eastern Desert,” J. Ethnobiol., 14(1), 75 – 100.

Marx H. (1968), Checklist of the Reptiles and Amphibians of Egypt, Spec. Publ. U.S. Naval Med. Res. Unit Number Three, Cairo.

Melnikov D. A., Melnikova E. N., Milto K. D., and Ananjeva N. B. (2014), “On an occurrence of Pseudotrapelus aqabensis Melnikov, Nazarov, Ananjeva et Disi, 2012 in the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt,” Curr. Stud. Herpetol., 14(1/2), 27 – 31 [in Russian with English summary].

Metallinou M., Červenka J., Crochet P.-A., Kratochvíl L., Wilms T., Geniez P., Shobrak M. Y., Brito J. C., and Carranza S. (2015), “Species on the rocks: systematics and biogeography of the rock-dwelling Ptyodactylus geckos (Squamata: Phyllodactylidae) in North Africa and Arabia,” Mol. Phylogen. Evol., 85, 208 – 220.

Necas P. and Vigasova J. (2004), “Über das Vorkommen von Mabuya quinquetaeniata (Lichtenstein, 1823) (Reptilia: Sauria: Scincidae) im Sinai, Äegypten,” Sauria, 26(3), 13 – 14.

Reilinger R., McClusky S., ArRajehi A., Mahmoud S., Rayan A., Ghebreab W., Ogubazghi G., and Al-Aydrus A. (2006), “Geodetic constraints on rupturing of continental lithosphere along the Red Sea,” Margins Newslett., 17, 16 – 19

Sigoli M., Cohen T., and Werner Y. L. (2002), “A new lizard of the genus Mesalina from Mt. Sinai, Egypt (Reptilia: Squamata: Sauria: Lacertidae),” Faunist. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierk. Dresden, 23(9), 157 – 176.

Schätti B. and McCarthy C. (2004), “Saharo-Arabian racers of the Platyceps rhodorhachis complex — description of a new species (Reptilia: Squamata: Colubrinae),” Rev. suisse Zool., 111(4), 691 – 705

Šmíd J., Moravec J., Kratochvíl L., Gvoždík V., Nasher A. K., Busais S. M., Wilms T., Shobrak M. Y., and Carranza S. (2013), “Two newly recognized species of Hemidactylus (Squamata, Gekkonidae) from the Arabian Peninsula and Sinai, Egypt,” ZooKeys, 355, 79 – 107.

Sørensen T. (1948), “A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant sociology based on similarity of species and its application to analyses of the vegetation on Danish commons,” Biol. Skr., 5, 1 – 34.

Stern R. J. (1994), “An assembly and continental collision in the Neoproterozoic East African orogeny: implications for the consolidation of Gondwanaland,” Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci., 22, 319 – 351.

Stern R. J., Avigad D., Miller N. R., and Beyth M. (2006), “Evidence for the snowball Earth hypothesis in the Arabian-Nubian shield and the East African orogen,” J. Afr. Earth Sci., 44, 1 – 20.

Stern R. J. and Hedge C. E. (1985), “Geochronologic and isotopic constraints on late precambrian crustal evolution in the Eastern Desert of Egypt,” Am. J. Sci., 285, 97 – 127.

Tamar K., Scholz S., Crochet P.-A., Geniez P., Meiri S., Schmitz A., Wilms T., and Carranza S. (2016), “Evolution around the Red Sea: systematics and biogeography of the agamid genus Pseudotrapelus (Squamata: Agamidae) from North Africa and Arabia,” Mol. Phylogen. Evol., 97, 55 – 68.

Werner Y. L. (1982), “Herpetofaunal survey of the Sinai Peninsula (1967 – 77), with emphasis on the sand community,” in: Herpetological Communities: a Symposium of the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles and the Herpetologists’ League, August 1977, U. S. First and Wildlife Service, Wildl. Res. Rep., 13, 153 – 161.

Werner Y. L. and Ashkenazi S. (2010), “Notes on some Egyptian Lacertidae, including a new subspecies of Mesalina, involving the Seligmann effect,” Turk. J. Zool., 34, 123 – 133.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

You can subscribe to the print or electronic version of the journal on the site of EastView Company. If you have any questions, please write to the email