Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access
Cover Image

Post-Ovulatory Dystocia in Two Small Lizards: Leopard Gecko (Eublepharis macularius) and Crested Gecko (Correlophus ciliatus)

Marco Di Giuseppe, Albert Martines Silvestre, Marco Luparello, Laura Faraci

Abstract


Two geckos were presented with post-ovulatory dystocia. Reproductive disorders are common in nocturnal and crepuscular geckos kept and bred in captivity, and they are often related to nutritional disorders and/or improper housing conditions. The diagnosis was achieved by radiography and the treatment consisted in an ovariosalpingectomy. This surgery is often performed in big lizards, while percutaneous ovocentesis has been suggested to treat dystocia in small geckos such as Eublepharis macularius. An Ovariosalpingectomy may be a viable treatment option not only for big lizards, but also for small reptiles and it represents a definitive treatment for pre-ovulatory follicular stasis and post-ovulatory dystocia in small geckos.

Keywords


reptiles; egg binding; gecko; ovariosalpingectomy; reproductive pathologies; dystocia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alworth L. C., Hernandez S. M., and Divers S. J. (2011), «Laboratory reptile surgery: principles and techniques», J. Am. Ass. Lab. Animal Sci., 50(1), 11 – 26.

DeNardo D. F. (2006a), «Dystocias», in: D. R. Mader (ed.) Reptile Medicine and Surgery. 2nd Edition, Elsevier Saunders, St. Louis, pp. 787 – 792.

DeNardo D. F. (2006b), «Reproductive biology», in: D. R. Mader (ed.) Reptile Medicine and Surgery. 2nd Edition, Elsevier Saunders, St. Louis, pp. 376 – 390.

DeNardo D. F. and Helminski G. (2001), «The use of hormone antagonists to inhibit reproduction in the lizard Eublepharis macularius», J. Herpetol. Med. Surg., 11(3), 4 – 7.

Funk R. S. (2002), «Lizard reproductive medicine and surgery», Vet. Clin. N. Am. Exotic Animal Pract., 5(3), 579 – 613.

Gross T., Guillette L. J., Gross D. A., and Cox C. (1992), «Control of oviposition in reptiles and amphibians», Proc. Am. Ass. Zoo Vet., 158 – 165.

Grundmann M. and Knotek Z. (2013), «The use of synthetical GnRh agonist implants (deslorelin) for the suppression of reptile endocrine reproduction activity», in: Int. Conf. on Avian, Herpetol. & Exotic Mammals Medicine, Germany, 20 – 26 April, 2013, p. 248.

Hall A. J. and Lewbart G. A. (2006), «Treatment of dystocia in a leopard gecko (Eublepharis macularius) by percutaneous ovocentesis», Vet. Rec., 158, 737 – 739.

Hernandez-Divers S. J. (2006), «Reptiles radiology: techniques, tips and pathology», Proc. N. Am. Vet. Conf., 20, 1626 – 1630.

Hernandez-Divers S. J. (2008), «Radiosurgery and laser in zoological practice: separating fact from fiction», J. Exotic Pet. Med., 17(3), 165 – 174.

Innis C. (1996), «Treatment with propanol and PGF stimulates nesting behavior but not oviposition in a gravid green iguana», Bull. ARAV, 6(2), 13 – 16.

Kirchgessner M., Mitchell M., Domenzain L., Walden M., Dickens M. J., and Romero M. (2009), «Evaluating the effect of luprolide acetate on testosterone levels in captive male green iguanas (Iguana iguana)», J. Herpetol. Med. Surg., 19, 128 – 131.

Knotek Z., Jekl V., Knotkova Z., et al. (2009), «Eggs in chelonia nurinary bladder: is coeliotomy necessary?» in: Proc. ARAV, Milwaukee; Wisconsin, USA, August 8 – 15, 2009, pp. 118 – 21.

Lloyd M. (1992), «Vasotocin — the reptilian alternative to oxitocin?» Bull. ARAV, 2(1), 5.

Mader D. R., Bennett R. A., Funk R. S., Fitzgerald T., Vera R., and Hernandez-Divers S. J. (2006), «Surgery», in: D. R. Mader (ed.) Reptile Medicine and Surgery. 2nd Edition, Elsevier Saunders, St. Louis, pp. 581 – 630.

Nathan R. (1996), «Treatment with ovicentesis, PGE2 and PGF to aid oviposition in a spotted python», Bull. ARAV, 6(4), 4 – 5.

Sykes J. M. (2010), «Updates and practical approaches to reproductive disorders in reptiles», Vet. Clin. N. Am. Exotic Animal Pract., 13(3), 349 – 373.

Thomas H. L., Willer C. J., Wosat M. A., et al. (2001), «Egg-retention in the urinary bladder of a Florida cooter turtle, Pseudemis floridana floridana», J. Herpetol. Med. Surg., 11(4), 4 – 6.

Thucker R. D., Kramolowsky E. V., Bedell E., and Platz C. E. (1989), «A comparison of urologic application of bipolar versus monopolar five French electrosurgical probes», J. Urol., 141(3), 662 – 665.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.