A New Species of Bufo (Amphibia, Anura) from the Miocene of Russia

Elena V. Syromyatnikova

Abstract


A new species of Bufo is described from the Tagay locality (Irkutsk oblast’, Russia; late Early – early Middle Miocene). The material comprises disarticulated skull and postcranial bones. The described species can be differentiated from the other species of the genus primarily by the lateral depression of prootic and anterior position of the postorbital crest. The new taxon is similar to B. raddei in the ilium morphology and possibly belongs to the same radiation. The described species is the first fossil Bufo from the Early-Middle Miocene of Russia, and one of the oldest in Asia.

Keywords


Anura; Bufonidae; Miocene; Bufo sensu lato; Lake Baikal

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bailon S. (1991), Amphibiens et reptiles du Pliocène et du Quaternaire de France et d’Espagne: mise en place et évolution des faunes. Ph. D. Thesis, Université de Paris VII, Paris.

Bailon S. (1999), «Différenciation ostéologique des Anoures (Amphibia, Anura) de France», in: J. Desse, N. Desse-Berset (eds.), Fiches d’ostéologie animale pour l’archéologie. Série C. Varia, Centre de Recherches Archéologiques-CNRS, Valbonne.

Bailon S. and Hossini S. (1990), «Les plus anciens Bufonidae (Amphibia, Anura) d’Europe: les espèces du Miocène français», Ann. Paléontol. Vert.-Invert., 76, 121 – 132.

Blain H.-A., Gibert L., Ferràndez-Cañadell C. (2010), «First report of a green toad (Bufo viridis sensu lato) in the Early Pleistocene of Spain: Palaeobiogeographical and palaeoecological implications», Comptes Rendus Palevol., 9(8), 487 – 497.

Böhme G. (1977), «Zur Bestimmung quartärer Anuren Europas an Hand von Skelettelementen», Wissenschaft. Zeitschr. Humboldt-Univ. Berlin Math.-Nat. Reihe, 36, 283 – 300.

Böhme M. and Ilg A. (2003), FosFARbase, http://www. wahrestaerke.com (accessed on April, 2014).

Borkin L. J. and Litvinchuk S. N. (2013), «Amphibians of the Palearctic: taxonomic composition», Proc. Zool. Inst. Russ. Acad. Sci., 317(4), 494 – 541.

Chkhikvadze V. M. (1984), «Review of fossil urodeles and anurans of the USSR», Izv. AN GrSSR Ser. Biol., 10(1), 5 – 13 [in Russian].

Chkhikvadze V. M. (1985), «Preliminary results of the study of Tertiary amphibians and squamate reptiles of the Zaisan Basin», in: Abstrs. of the 6th All-Union Conf. «Problems of Herpetolofy», Tashkent, 18 – 20 September, 1985, pp. 234 – 235 [in Russian].

Danilov I. G., Syromyatnikova E. V., Klementyev A. M., Sizov A. V., Martynovich N. V., Zelenkov N. V., Sychevskaya E. K., and Tesakov A. S. (2012), «New data on Miocene vertebrates of Tagay locality (Olkhon, Lake Baikal)», in: Modern Paleontology: Classical and New Methods. Proc. of the 9th All-Russian Sci. School for Young Scientists in Paleontology in Moscow, Russia, pp. 19 – 20.

Daxner-Höck G., Böhme M., and Kossler A. (2013), «New Data on Miocene Biostratigraphy and Paleoclimatology of Olkhon Island (Lake Baikal, Siberia)», in: X. Wang, L. J. Flynn, and M. Fortelius (eds.), Fossil Mammals of Asia: Neogene Biostratigraphy and Chronology, Columbia Univ. Press, New York, pp. 508 – 519.

Delfino M., Doglio S., Roček Z., Seglie D., and Kabiri L. (2009), «Osteological peculiarities of Bufo brongersmai (Anura, Bufonidae) and their possible relation to life in an arid environment», Zool. Studies, 48, 108 – 119.

Frost D. R. (2013), Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Ver. 5.6 (9 January 2013). Electronic Database accessible at http://research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia. American Museum of Natural History, New York.

Gutieva N. V. (1991), «Bufo raddei from the late Miocene of Pavlodar (North-Eastern Kazakhstan)», in: Z. Korsós and I. Kiss (eds.), Abstrs. of the 6th Gen. Meeting Soc. Eur. Herpetol., Budapest, p. 40.

Hodrova M. (1986), «Find of Bufo raddei in the Upper Pliocene Bural-Obo locality (Mongolia)», Acta Univ. Carol. Geol., 2, 171 – 186.

Ivanjev L. I. and Khosatzky L. I. (1970), «Remains of Neogene reptiles and amphibians of the Olkhon Island of Baykal Lake», Izv. Vost.-Sibir. Otd. Geograf. Obshch. SSSR, 67, 153 – 158 [in Russian].

Logachev N. A., Lomonosova T. K., and Klimanova V. M. (1964), Cenozoic Deposits of Irkutsk Amphitheatre, Nauka, Moscow [in Russian].

Lynch J. D. (1971), «Evolutionary relationships, osteology, and zoogeography of leptodactyloid frogs», Misc. Publ. Mus. Nat. Hist. Univ. Kansas, 53, 1 – 238.

Malakhov D. V. (2004), «Toads (Anura; Bufonidae) from the Middle Miocene in the Turgay Depression (Central Kazakhstan)», Biota, 5, 41 – 46.

Malakhov D. V. (2005), «The early Miocene herpetofauna of Ayakoz (Eastern Kazakhstan)», Biota, 6(1 – 2), 29 – 35.

Němec J. (1972), «Osteology of isolated anuran bones from Stránská near Brno (Lower Quaternary)», Anthropos, 20(N.S. 12), 21 – 33.

Pokalitov A. G. (2012), Stratigraphy Cenozoic Eurasia. Paleontological Study, Izd. IrGTU, Irkutsk [in Russian].

Rage J.-C. (2003), «Oldest Bufonidae (Amphibia, Anura) from the Old World: a bufonid from the Paleocene of France», J. Vertebr. Paleontol., 23, 462 – 463.

Rage J.-C. and Roček Z. (2003), «Evolution of anuran assemblages in the Tertiary and Quaternary of Europe, in the context of palaeoclimate and palaeogeography», Amphibia– Reptilia, 24, 133 – 177.

Ratnikov V. Yu. (1993), «New anurans from the Upper Neogene and Pleistocene of the East European platform», Paleontol. Zh., 2, 79 – 86 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. (1996), «On the finds of green toads (Bufo viridis complex) in the late cenozoic of the east-european platform», Paleontol. Zh., 2, 100 – 106 [in Russian].

Ratnikov V. Yu. (2001), «Osteology of Russian toads and frogs for paleontological researches», Acta Zool. Cracov., 44, 1 – 23.

Ratnikov V. Yu. (2002), «Late Cenozoic amphibians and reptiles of the East-European plain», in: Proc. Res. Inst. Geol. Voronezh State. Univ., p. 10 [in Russian].

Roček Z., Dong L., Přikryl T., Sun C., Tan J., and Wang Y. (2011), «Fossil frogs (Anura) from Shanwang (Middle Miocene; Shandong province, China)», Geobios, 44(5), 499 – 518.

Sanchíz F. B. (1977), «La familia Bufonidae (Amphibia, Anura) en el Terciario Europeo. Trabajos Neogeno», Cuaternario, 8, 75 – 111.

Sanchiz F. B. (1998), «Salientia», in: P. Wellnhofer (ed.), Handbuch der Paläoherpetologie. Bd. 4, München, p. 275.

Špinar Z. V., Klembara J., and Meszároš Š. (1993), «A new toad from the Miocene of Devínska Nová Ves (Slovakia)», Západ. Karpaty Sér. Paleontol., 17, 135 – 160.

Stöck M., Moritz C., Hickerson M., Frynta D., Dujsebayeva T., Eremchenko V., Macey J. R., Papenfuss T. J., and Wake D. B. (2006), «Evolution of mitochondrial relationships and biogeography of Palearctic green toads (Bufo viridis subgroup) with insights in their genomic plasticity», Mol. Phylogenet. Evol., 41, 663 – 689.

Tesakov A. S., Lopatin A. S. (2015), «First record of Mylagaulid rodents (Rodentia, Mammalia) from the Miocene of Eastern Siberia (Olkhon Island, Baikal Lake, Irkutsk Region, Russia)», Dokl. Biol. Sci., 460, 23 – 26.

Titov V. V., Tesakov A. S., Danilov I. G., Danukalova G. A., Mashchenko E. N., Panteleev A. V., Sotnikova M. V., Sychevskaya E. K. (2006), «The First Representative Vertebrate Fauna from the Late Miocene of Southern European Russia», Dokl. Biol. Sci., 411, 508 – 509.

Venczel M. (1997), «Late Miocene anurans drom Polgárdi (Hungary), in: W. Böhme, W. Bischoff, and T. Ziegler (eds.), Herpetologia Bonnensis, Soc. Eur. Herpetol., pp. 383 – 389.

Venczel M. (2001), «Anurans and squamates from the Lower Pliocene (MN14) Osztramos 1 locality (northern Hungary)», Fragmenta Palaeontol. Hung., 19, 79 – 90.

Vislobokova I. (1994), «The Lower Miocene artiodactyls of Tagay Bay, Olhon Island, Lake Baikal (Russia)», Palaeovertebrata, 23(1 – 4), 177 – 197.

Vislobokova I. (2004), «New species of Orygotherium (Palaeomerycidae, Ruminantia) from the Early and Late Miocene of Eurasia», Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 106A, 371 – 385.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.